The Best Scopes for .204 Ruger

Click here for the Best Scope for Ruger .204 available in 2017!

maxresdefault5The .204 is a bit different and unique little round which is produced in one of the fastest commercial manners among other rifle rounds. You can zoom it on through to other side, but it needs an optic or objective lens with it for proper functionality. The .204 Ruger is a fast and well-aimed rifle cartridge that the bench rest target shooters dream of. But, for getting the best result, it needs the best 204 scope.

The Ruger comes with great ballistics and it hardly drops within 300 yards. It is a perfect choice for the varmint hunters who often shoot small animals. In such circumstances, sufficient zooming is necessary to get a clear view of that animal. A wide objective lens is a must in case of hunting coyotes or rabbits which comes out of the hole at early evening. The best scope for 204 ruger should have the quality to be a good-do-everything-well scope!

What are the Best Scopes for Ruger .204?

Following scopes are the best scopes for .204 rugar –

Barska Varmint Target Dot

BARSKA 6.5-20x50 AO Varmint Target Dot Riflescope
Rated 3.9 out of 5 stars from 213 customers. Click the images for prices and reviews.

Hunting the coyotes and the prairie dogs is quite different. The creatures who move very quickly most often make bad noises and scamper about so much that they are hard to locate at a definite area in the normal daylight. So, for the fast and little creates, you must need something exceptional and more powerful than typical rifle rounds.

The Barska Varmint Target dot is featured with varying magnification and the range is 10 to 40. It also includes 50mm objective lenses and all of them are perfectly multi-coated for a crisp and clear picture that aids the perfect aiming of the round at the target. The adjustment for this scope is very easy and quick and can be accessible with fingertips which are fined tuned to 1/8th MOA per click. The turrets of the scope are large and easy to access with the rifle on the shoulder.

The incredible level of magnification of the scope makes it a good choice for the best .204 scope. If you use this scope with the rifle, you will be able to see the target along with counting his whiskers if you want. This gives a perfect optic to work in for a day on the range or a day in the open fields of the West. The Barska Varmint Target Dot is the most highly powered scope in terms of price in the market. Best scopes for .204 Ruger includes this scope because it assures you a clear view of the target object with a high probability of successful shot whether it’s topped n a bolt action or an AR. So, certainly it’s one of the best scopes for the round!

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Tasco Target

Tasco Target/Varmint 6-24x42mm Rifle Scope Mil Dot Reticle
Rated 4.1 out of 5 stars from 102 customers. Click the images for prices and reviews.

You may find the Barska a bit much for your zoom factor, but you can certainly depend on the Tasco Target under such circumstances. Tasco is basically an all-round optics company that has manufactured many pies including rifle scopes, binoculars, and spotting scopes. It is one of the best 204 ruger scopes having a magnification range of 6 to 24 with a 42mm objective lens. Such wider magnification range helps the shooter choose the most convenient magnification allowing them to be more precise on the range and in the open field.

The Tasco Target uses multi-coating on the objective lens which gives a brighter view and utilizes the available light in the best possible way thus it can also be used in low lights. If you are searching for a low budget yet far better than other costly scopes then the Tasco will be the best scope for .204 Ruger. It holds zero more precisely than other highly powered optics which are costly than this. Its adjustments are also very convenient and fine-tuned. It has easy-to-use turrets, and per click is ¼ MOA.

The Tasco Target is water, shock, and fog proof. It uses a very dependable optic within an affordable price because such scopes for less than $100 are rare in the market out there.

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Mueller Eraticator

Mueller AO Eraticator Rifle Scope
Rated 4.3 out of 5 stars from 22 customers. Click the images for prices and reviews.

The Mueller Eraticator is a good option for the shooters who are searching for the best scope for .204 Ruger within a medium budget. It has an impressive power level and rock bottom price considering the features provided by the Eradicator. It has a range of 8.5-25 magnification with a powerful 50mm objective lens. The optic is fully multi-coated which ensures crystal clear image. The wide objective lens brightens the picture, improves picture quality and the quality of the lens is similar to the camera lenses!

The Mueller Eraticator comes with an etched glass reticle that has 11 different brightness settings to illuminate it to the desired level. The illuminated red dot is capable of making the low light shooting easier especially when the 50mm lens is calibrated with the available light.

The turrets are of no tool, easy fingertip variety that offers easy adjustments within a fly. It precisely holds the zero and quickly adjusted to a fine 1/8th MOA per click. The zeroing process is important for the .204 Ruger because the ammonium tends are bit pricey. So, it can be said that the Mueller Eraticator is a strong competitor for the best scope for .204 rifles.

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The Leupold VX-3

Leupold VX-3 3.5-10x50mm Duplex
Rated 5.0 out of 5 stars from 12 customers. Click the images for prices and reviews.

The Leupold VX-3 can be considered as the best scope for 204 ruger because it’s built with high precision and perfection and it is currently one of the best scopes in the world market. It is the third most popular scope in VX series and perfect for the .204 Ruger Varmint Hunter. It comes with wide variety of power though the power range is fixed within 8.5 to 25 for the .204 Ruger along with a 50mm objective lens.

It has the option for installing different types of reticle through the Varmint Hunters reticle is considered the best one. It provides holdovers for both wind and bullet drop and leads for running game. The lenses of Leupold are multi-coated and the company uses their proprietary coating named ‘Diamond Coat 2’. The coating provides greater light transmission and resists scratches and abrasion.

The VX-3 is waterproof and uses argon and krypton gas blend that protects the pictures from internal moisturizing from fogging up. The turret of the scope is a fingertip style and adjusts finely at ¼ MOA. The optic that it features is a bit costly though you will get an additional optic on the forefront which is very helpful. So, the Leupold VX-3 is surely is a topper in the list of best 204 scope.

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Conclusion

The .204 Ruger is a high velocity, light recoiling, and accurate round which is very popular among the shooters. To utilize the full potential of this round, a solid piece of glass is all it needs. If the rifle is topped with the best optic, it will deliver a quick service for detecting the target object giving a smooth shooting experience! But, you can’t expect the best performance from this .204 Ruger if you haven’t yet found the best .204 scope.

Click here for the Best Scope for Ruger .204 available in 2017!

Best scopes for .22-250 Rifles

Click here for the Best .22-250 Scope available in 2017!

22 250 rifle scopeA .22-250 rifle is often described as a varmint rifle. It means a rifle being used in hunting varmint. This powerful firearm was first introduced in the 30’s as a way of curving the population of destructive animals like varmints to smaller ones like squirrels and rabbits.

With such a powerful firearm in hand, it is very important to have a good scope to use because you can be targeting moving animals from distance. Despite being highly accurate, a scope can still make a sighting more than accurate especially if you are shooting from a long range.

Best scopes for .22-250 From Nikon

When it comes to scopes especially for a .22-250, you have to trust an expert like Nikon. Nikon is known for manufacturing bright, precise, clear and rugged scopes that can be used regardless of the type of firearm type you have.

Nikon ProStaff 4-12 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC)

Nikon ProStaff 4-12 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC)
Rated 4.8 out of 5 stars from 215 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

The Nikon ProStaff 4-12 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC) is one of the best scopes for .22-250 that the Nikon banner offers. This scope is available for $186.95 and it offers 4×12 magnifications at 40mm objective. Aside from being a great scope in low light conditions, the patented BDC reticle system that this scope have will make long range shooting like a child’s play.

For this Prostaff scope, user can have an eye relief of 3.7 with a field view of 23.6 feet at 100 yards (4x magnification. If you are on a 12x magnification, the field of view is at 7.3 feet @ 100 yards. The optical system is multicoated and comes with a nitrogen-filled O-ring to keep it safe from fog and water. If you are a hunter who travels to hunt regardless of the weather or time of the day while carrying a .22 Remington, then this scope is the best for you!

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Nikon P-RIMFIRE BDC 150 Rifle Scope, Black

Nikon P-RIMFIRE BDC 150 Rifle Scope, Black
Rated 4.8 out of 5 stars from 43 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For less than $10 than the ProStaff, the Nikon P-RIMFIRE BDC 150 Rifle Scope, Black is priced at $176.63 but the quality that this scope provides is almost the same with the ProStaff. The difference in price can be attributed to the fact that this scope has a magnification of 2×7 at 32mm objective (that’s the first thing I noticed that is why). The P-Rimfire series has a BDC 150 reticle, making hooting in a long range easier. With a scope with BDC reticle, you can be the fastest one in terms of sighting and accuracy. If you have a Ruger .22, this scope will make your sighting better even at 100 yards distance. Most users said that they used their Nikon P-RIMFIRE BDC 150 Rifle Scope for their Ruger for 50 and 100 yards and the result is the same – bull’s eye! No doubt this is one of the best .22-250 scopes out there in the market today.

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Nikon P- RIMFIRE 2-7×32 Nikoplex Rifle Scope, Black

Nikon P- RIMFIRE 2-7x32 Nikoplex Rifle Scope, Black
Rated 4.7 out of 5 stars from 18 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

The Nikon P- RIMFIRE 2-7×32 Nikoplex Rifle Scope, Black is the third scope that we preferred for a .22-250 firearm. For $171.94, this scope proved once again that Nikon is indeed a company that can balance quality and affordability every time it introduces a new product.

As a prime high-end camera provider, Nikon has continued to show its skills in providing great lenses with rifle scopes. The P-Rimfire comes with 2-7x magnification but the parallax safeguards that come with it can keep you steady on your target. Since you are sighting from a distance, you can use its dial to make your shot more accurate. Even at 100 yards, some users shared that their .22 rifle can still sight clearly with the P-Rimfire on. For Nikon Rimfire, you can choose between the 2-7×32 with BDC 150 reticle or 2-7×32 with Nikoplex reticle or take the one with the Rapid Action Turret system.

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Best scopes for .22-250 From Leupold

Leupold Rifleman 4-12X40Mm Matte Wide Duplex 56170

Leupold Rifleman 4-12X40Mm Matte Wide Duplex 56170
Rated 4.5 out of 5 stars from 17 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

In terms of taglines, Leupold prides itself for providing quality hunting products at a very affordable price. This is almost true except for the fact that one of the best scopes it offers clocks in at $269.95. Among the advantages of using a Leupold Rifleman 4-12X40Mm Matte Wide Duplex 56170 are its eyebox, fast target acquisition and eye relief.

Why pay such amount for this Leupold scope? Since you are on a .22-250 firearm, the Ballistic Aiming System (BAS) that this Leupold scope features can definitely help you master accuracy on a long range shooting. The BAS will help you understand how far your target is and will help you assess the proper placement of your reticle for a more accurate shot; this is with wind in consideration. Remember, there are too many hunters out there and too many marksmen but there are only few who mastered accurate long range shooting. With a Leupold Rifleman 4-12X40Mm Matte Wide Duplex 56170 scope attached to your .22, you can be one of these few hunters.

The lens system that Leupold used on this scope will help you aim on a brighter and clearer target while its matte finish will keep it scratch free from the usual wear and tear.

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Leupold 113865 VX-1 2-7x32mm Matte

Leupold 113865 VX-1 2-7x32mm Matte
Rated 5.0 out of 5 stars from 4 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Another recommended scope for .22-250 firearms is the Leupold 113865 VX-1 2-7x32mm Matte. For only $249.99, you can enjoy clear magnification without blurring with this Leupold optics since it uses Leupold’s Zygo Interferometer system, a system that minimizes wave front error while at the same time maximizes resolution. This new technology that Leupold uses on the VX-1 2-7x32mm Matte makes varmint hunting as fun and easy and as possible regardless of the time.

This scope comes with a durable lens cover to keep your lenses protected when not in use. The Leupold patented Multicoat4 ensures that your optics will produce quality images when sighting within the distance indicted on the scope’s manual. The Multicoat4 also helps your eye maximize the light in your environment. With such a good size eyebox, you can always have your eyes behind your riflescope in no time without blurring, a feature needed when shooting in long range and trying to hit on a moving object. With such features on a small lens, the Leupold VX-1 2-7x32mm is indeed one of the best .22-250 scopes that you can use for your next hunting games.

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Best scopes for .22-250 From Vortex Optics

Vortex Optics Crossfire II 6-24x50mm AO Riflescope w/ Dead-Hold BDC Reticle, Black CF2-31045

Vortex Optics Crossfire II 6-24x50mm AO Riflescope w/ Dead-Hold BDC Reticle, Black CF2-31045
Rated 4.6 out of 5 stars from 36 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For only $299.99, you can take home a Vortex Optics Crossfire II 6-24x50mm AO Riflescope w/ Dead-Hold BDC Reticle, Black CF2-31045 and start hunting varmints and rabbits the next day. Use it with your .22 on a 50 yard shooting or go out and wait for a deer from 150 yards without fear of missing. The Vortex Optics Crossfire II 6-24x50mm AO Riflescope w/ Dead-Hold BDC Reticle, Black CF2-31045 is considered as one of the best .22-250 scopes in the market today because of its affordability and quality. If you want result, the Vortex made optics is all you need.

The Vortex Optics Crossfire optics uses Second Focal Plane Reticle System – a feature that allows user to see the same size of their target while aiming. Even at a magnification of 18x, the reticle subtensions of the Vortex will keep you accurate on your aim regardless of the wind movements.

The whole scope mirrors durability and dependability since it is made of Aircraft-Grade Aluminum that has a single-piece 30mm tube for maximum alignment of sight and optimum accuracy.

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Vortex Optics DBK-10019 Diamondback HP 4-16×42 Riflescope with Dead-Hold BDC Reticle (MOA), Black

Vortex Optics DBK-10019 Diamondback HP 4-16x42 Riflescope with Dead-Hold BDC Reticle (MOA), Black
Rated 5.0 out of 5 stars from 39 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Although a bit higher than the Crossfire from Vortex, the Vortex Optics DBK-10019 Diamondback HP 4-16×42 Riflescope with Dead-Hold BDC Reticle (MOA), Black is also considered as one of the best scopes for 22-250 out there today. This scope takes pride for providing precise and clear sighting and with the addition of its MOA dots feature, it still gets better.

For $329.00, the Diamondback HP 4-16×42 Riflescope can become your best friend when joining big hunting games as it provides fast loner shots without the need to turn your turrets.

The Vortex Optics DBK-10019 Diamondback HP 4-16×42 Riflescope with Dead-Hold BDC Reticle (MOA), Black features an extra low dispersion glass for the lens thus providing high resolution with clear fidelity. The result is a sharp and crisp image even at 16x magnification. Is it enough feature to pay that much? Well, it comes with a lifetime warranty and for most users, the warranty is enough to make them trust Vortex that this scope is made to last.

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Best scope for .22-250 From Millet

Millett 6-25 X 56 LRS-1 Illuminated Side Focus Tactical Riflescope (35mm Tube .25 MOA with Rings), Matte

Millett 6-25 X 56 LRS-1 Illuminated Side Focus Tactical Riflescope (35mm Tube .25 MOA with Rings), Matte
Rated 4.1 out of 5 stars from 27 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you have a budget and you want the best for your .22 Remington, then get a Millett 6-25 X 56 LRS-1 Illuminated Side Focus Tactical Riflescope (35mm Tube .25 MOA with Rings), Matte scope to work with it. This scope from Millet is also considered as one of the best 22 250 scope in the market because of quality optics (HD clarity) and high quality materials.

The shockproof and fogproof Millet scope is ideal for long range hunting because of its superior brightness. The scope is a one piece 35mm (which others found to be a bit big) but the 140 MOA adjustment that comes with it helps shooters to be more accurate when aiming. This is made possible by its Mil Dot Reticle system. For your assurance in taking out $459.99 from your wallet, all Millet scopes in the market are computer tested to ensure quality.

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Best scope for .22-250 From Zeiss

Carl Zeiss Conquest MC Riflescope (Z-Plex Reticle, 3-9X40)

Carl Zeiss Conquest MC Riflescope (Z-Plex Reticle, 3-9X40)
Rated 5.0 out of 5 stars from 30 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you have a .22 Rimfire Rifle, the best scope that you can have is the Carl Zeiss Conquest MC Riflescope (Z-Plex Reticle, 3-9X40). This is one of the most affordable Zeiss scopes out there but for a .22-250 rifles, this one can do the job neatly.

This Zeiss scope is good for long range sighting regardless of the time of the day because of its light gathering ability, the result of Zeiss MC coating technology. This technology enhances light transmission allowing better aim even at dusk.

At $499.99, Zeiss offers lifetime warranty for its optical components and five years warranty on the electronic parts. There is a one year warranty on the scope’s accessories such as lens cap, rubber armoring among others.

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Best scope for .22-250 From Bushnell

Bushnell AR Optics Drop Zone-22 BDC Rimfire Reticle Riflescope with Target Turrets, 2-7x 32mm

Bushnell AR Optics Drop Zone-22 BDC Rimfire Reticle Riflescope with Target Turrets, 2-7x 32mm
Rated 4.3 out of 5 stars from 38 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Since most Bushnell optics are made of aluminum alloy to keep it corrosion free, the Bushnell Rimfire BDC gets in our list because of its Bushnell’s BDC (Bull Drop Compensating) technology. This technology aims to correct the problem the inaccuracies happening after a bullet get in the air. With this technology, you won’t have to worry much that your bullet’s trajectory will change because of a strong wind or of your distance from the target.

It also features parallax adjustment system to keep your image clear and crisp even on the highest magnification of 7. If you can compare this with other scopes, it will be the ProStaff because of their O-ring- they are both nitrogen filled to make it fogproof and waterproof. At $109.79, this is one of the cheapest .22 scopes that we have in our list but offers as much as more expensive scopes can offer.

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With so many brands to choose from, remember that shooting with a .22-250 means that you will be shooting at a long distance all the time. Do not choose a scope just because it is affordable. Do not choose a scope that works great at a distance when its daytime but can’t see anything in the dark. Most of the time, varmints and big things walk in the night to hunt so you must be prepared all the time. Lastly, always consider the weight of your scope, the feel, the clarity and the magnification power. With these things in mind, Nikon tops the game with its value for money products.

Click here for the Best .22-250 Scope available in 2017!

Best Scopes for Ruger 10 22 Rifles

Click here for the Best Scopes for Ruger 10 22 Rifles in 2017!

scopes for 10 22 scopesRuger 10/22 is a type of a semi-automatic rifle that has been in production since 1964. More than fifty decades since it was first marketed, Ruger 10 22 is still one of the best marketable firearms in the market today both for sporting and protection purposes.

What made a Ruger 10 22 popular? A Ruger 10/22 is easy to use and uses affordable ammunition applicable for target shooting and small hunting games. As time goes, the 10 22 had undergo a lot of innovations for better performance. Even the look and features of the original 10/22 had been altered to make it look better.

As the look and specifications of the classic 10/22 changed and improved, so is its value and price. Still, despite being a powerful rifle in hunting, nothing beats a marksman that can hit a target even when it is moving or it is raining and to make it happen – here are some of the most powerful scopes that you can use for a small but powerful Ruger 10/22 for better accuracy.

BARSKA 3-9×32 Plinker-22 Riflescope

BARSKA 3-9x32 Plinker-22 Riflescope
Rated 4.3 out of 5 stars from 357 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

With a 3x9x42 power magnification, the BARSKA 3-9×32 Plinker-22 Riflescope can make any 10 22 rifle user a marksman. The Barska is highly recommended for .22 rifles because it doesn’t cost much while providing the necessary performance needed to make aiming and shooting better with a .22.

The Barska is 11.5 ounce and is fogproof and waterproof. The tube is 12 inches in length and has 1-inch diameter with a 42inchesmm objective lens. Using this scope is easy because of its 3.5-Inch eye relief and the 10.7-3.6 exit pupil. For only $49.99, a single package of the BARSKA 3-9×32 Plinker-22 Riflescope comes with a mounting ring, a protective cover for your scope’s lens and a limited lifetime warranty from Barska.

If you own a Henry .22 action rifle, you can enjoy shooting from 25 yards and 50 yards without squinting. For most users, the only downside of this ring comes with its mounting ring because it is hard to put in and screw on. A few more dollars for a ring that works is highly recommended for best results.

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Compact 4×32 Tactical Mil-Dot Reticle Rifle Scope + Rings + Weaver Type Rail Mount Fits Ruger 10/22 Rifles

Compact 4x32 Tactical Mil-Dot Reticle Rifle Scope + Rings + Weaver Type Rail Mount Fits Ruger 10/22 Rifles
Rated 4.8 out of 5 stars from 3 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

M1surplus also believes on the effect of a scope with any .22 firearms hence they developed the Compact 4×32 Tactical Mil-Dot Reticle Rifle Scope + Rings + Weaver Type Rail Mount Fits Ruger 10/22 Rifles. This tactical kit for a 10 22 is considered to be one of the best Ruger 10 22 Scope that any marksman can have because of its adjustable windage. It also has elevation settings to add to its advantage.

This $44.75 10/22 Rifles scope from M1surplus has a rail mount that is made based on the design of Weaver scopes. The lens has a fixed 4x magnification power on a 32mm lens. The kit also comes with a free ring that is nitrogen charged to ensure protection against water and bad weather. The field of view is at 100 yards and if you are going to use it for short-range shooting with your Ruger, you can make things possible even if you are sighting a possum from 50 yards away.

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Ruger 10/22 Black (Blued) 4×30 Rifle Scope w/ Free Mount & Rings

Ruger 10/22 Black (Blued) 4x30 Rifle Scope w/ Free Mount & Rings
Rated 4.2 out of 5 stars from 58 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Another 10 22 scope that is marketed by M1surplus is the Ruger 10/22 Black (Blued) 4×30 Rifle Scope w/ Free Mount & Rings. This scope is being produced by Combat Optical anf only costs $43.65.

The whole kit of this Ruger 10 22 scope kit is great (if you have a picture of it or own one, you’ll know what I am talking). It looks cool outside because of its greenish color, like an official military issued scope with the dials on the side. It is easy to install as well and the kit comes with free rings, a mount and of course the scope itself.

The quality of the scope is far from great but with the price, I guess we are not supposed to expect much. However, in terms of sighting and aiming, this scope can do the job even at 100 yards. If you are not into long range shooting and just want to make your short range shooting more accurate with your Ruger .22, this Combat Optical scope can do the job.

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Tactical 3-9×40 Compact Scope + Rings and Rail Mount For Ruger 10/22 Rifles

Tactical 3-9x40 Compact Scope + Rings and Rail Mount For Ruger 10/22 Rifles
Rated 4.0 out of 5 stars from 1 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For $50, you can purchase a Tactical 3-9×40 Compact Scope + Rings And Rail Mount for Ruger 10/22 Rifles and make your rabbit hunting less expensive with fewer bullets to use. This scope from m1Surplus is one of the most expensive scopes for a .22 so far on our list but the look, quality and ease of installation are considered to be its edge against affordable scopes out there.

Before purchasing this scope though, make sure to check if it is compatible with your rifle since it can be mounted only to rifle receivers with four holes. This scope comes with a 3-9x 40 power magnifications and with a field of view that is about 100 yards with its 40mm lens.

This tactical scope also features a cross hair reticle system. It is fogproof, waterproof and shockproof hence using it on a powerful Ruger .22 won’t be a problem. At 12.1 ounce, this is a bit heavier than other scopes that only weigh 11 ounce. The weight is compensated with the fact that it is more durable than other cheaper scopes out there and to prove it, its manufacturer offers warranty on all defects.

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Nikon ProStaff Rimfire 3-9 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC 150)

 

Nikon ProStaff Rimfire 3-9 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC 150)
Rated 4.8 out of 5 stars from 359 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you want a high quality scope that can maximize the power of your .22 (say at 100 yards or more), then you can spend more than a hundred grand with a Nikon ProStaff Rimfire 3-9 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC 150).

For $226 flat, you can attach this scope to your .22 lever rifle and shoot from dusk till dawn without worrying about darkness because of its light transmission ability. It is also nitrogen filled making it fogproof, shockproof and waterproof, things that we can expect even on $50 scopes. Personally, these things are common on other cheaper scopes but again, if you want something with quality, then this scope will do the job and you won’t have to worry about a new scope for the next 2 or 3 decades because it comes with a lifetime warranty.

This Rimfire from Nikon also features a quick focus eyepiece system that can be useful if you missed your rabbit from 100 yards. If you have a customized 10 22 like a Varmint 10 22 rifle, this will do you a lot of favor. Since it cost more, it also offers more but you cannot find these features on simple reviews and other user feedbacks. Nikon released software for this Nikon Rimfire that users can use in order to take advantage of the features of their scope such as the reticle feature.

If you have the time to read manuals and understand software plus the money to spend, the Nikon ProStaff Rimfire 3-9 x 40 Black Matte Riflescope (BDC 150) can be the best 22 10 scope for you.

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BSA Sweet .22 3-9 x 40mm Rifle Scope Matte Black

BSA Sweet .22 3-9 x 40mm Rifle Scope Matte Black
Rated 4.4 out of 5 stars from 336 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Going back to our affordable scopes that can also work wonders on any 10 22, you can save big while shooting big with a BSA Sweet .22 3-9 x 40mm Rifle Scope Matte Black for only $49.99.

BSA Optics offers a Matte finished scope with an adjustable objective from 3 to 9 on a 40mm lens. This scope also comes with a specific trajectory compensation for .22 allowing user to commit no mistake. With this scope on your .22, there will be no hesitation every time you pull the trigger. Although 22 10 ammunition is cheaper as compared to other ammos out there, that is not a reason to waste it on inaccurate shootings.

This .22 3-9 x 40mm Rifle Scope from BSA is also considered as one of the best Scopes for Ruger 10 22 because of its generous eye relief (3.6) and 100 yards FOV. Just like its contemporaries on the same price range, this scope is also fogproof, waterproof and shockproof. Besides, this scope was made by the manufacturer to cater to the needs of .22 hence the tailor-fit design made it one of the best scopes for .22. As its name says, it is sweet to have a BSA Sweet .22 3-9 x 40mm Rifle Scope Matte Black whether you are just practice shooting or hunting.

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Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Ring, 3-9x32mm (Matte)

Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Ring, 3-9x32mm (Matte)
Rated 4.6 out of 5 stars from 103 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

The Simmons is one of the most popular scope accessories brand that offers affordable .22 scope with its .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Ring, 3-9x32mm (Matte). This is practically good for shooters who don’t want to use generic scopes that are made in China or somewhere else.

The Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Ring, 3-9x32mm (Matte) is only $42.22. for such price, it already comes with an HD clear optics made of 100% quality materials. The design is also beautiful whether you are into guns or not and the durability is tested just like any other Simmons product.

Just like any other Simmons scopes out there, the specified Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Ring, 3-9x32mm (Matte) is made of Hydroshield lens coating to ensure clear-sight picture regardless of the weather and low light condition. If you don’t want a black scope to go with your 22 rifle, then get a Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Rings, 4x32mm (Matte).

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Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Rings, 4x32mm (Matte) -Clamshell Packaging

Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Rings, 4x32mm (Matte)
Rated 4.3 out of 5 stars from 9 customer. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Aside from its color, the Simmons .22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Rimfire Riflescope with Rings, 4x32mm (Matte) is different from the other affordable Simmons scope with its power magnification. This Rimfire has a fixed power of 4x.

This Simmons scope only costs $31.02 and it comes with all the features that the 3x9x32 Simmons scope offer. This scope is a lightweight at 8.6 ounces. It comes in silver color although there is also a black one available. For indoor shooting of up to 50 yards, this scope can do wonders wile outside, you can try to spot and aim at 100 yards without losing much of your confidence. Most users who tried this scope both indoors and outdoors appreciated the fact that it gets the job done. Although it says it comes with HD clarity though, some users understand the fact that it is too cheap to be so hence do not set your expectations that high.

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So what’s the best scope for your .22?

With a .22 or any 10 22 firearms, understand that it is powerful only at a close range shooting. You can probably see a rabbit from 25 yards but one you aim on it, it might appear like a small rat. If you will be shooting a rabbit from 50 or 75 yards with your naked eye on your .22, it might appear like a small dot and a headshot is definitely impossible. However, since you are using a rifle that can only produce as much power at a close range, you won’t need a scope that will make your target looks like the same image at 150 yards. For this reason, getting a scope with a 3x-7x power magnification is highly recommended. If you have a fixed 4 power scope, you’ll do fine as well. The fact is there is no need to spend more on a scope if you are simply using a .22.

Generic scopes for 22 10 can do the job while other brands also claim that their cheapest scope is the best scopes for 10 22 like Barska. If you have more money and have other rifles aside from the .22, then spending for a high powered scope like the one from Nikon is advisable as long as it has low magnification power that you can use. Whether you are aiming with a Marlin XT 22 or a Ruger 22, make sure that you are seeing your target with clarity and visibility without putting a hole in your pocket.

Click here for the Best Scopes for Ruger 10 22 Rifles in 2017!

Best Laser Bore Sighters

Click here for the Best Laser Bore Sighters available in 2017!

laser boresighters
One of the best things about being a hunter is showing off during live fire tests while friends are watching around.

This is not just fun to do; it is also a good way to test if your gun sighting is aligned with your gun’s bore. However, not many places have firing range where you can do your live fire test plus why spend on ammunition when you can actually do this at home!

There are two known ways of bore sighting: the traditional one where you have to pay for ammunition and drive to a range to do a test fire and the modern one with the use of a laser bore sighter. If you are wondering what options you have in terms of bore sighter- here is a list for you.

Laser bore sighter below $25

EconoLed All in One .22 to .50 Caliber Rifle Red Dot Laser Boresighter

Rated 3.5 out of 5 stars from 107 customers. CLick the image for prices and reviews!
Rated 3.5 out of 5 stars from 107 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you have a .22 or .50 rifle or pistol, this laser bore sighter from EconoLed is surely a winner.

It only cost $14.49 and is easy to use with its quick push button activation system.

It is also easy to mount and a set comes with tools, four adapters and batteries for longer bore sighting exercise.

After aligning your sight, you can set place it inside its premium case to avoid losing it.

One thing we heard about this bore sighter though- the adapter screw always get screwed so be warned.

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Red Dot Laser Bore Sighter BoreSighter Kit for .22 to .50 Caliber Rifle Scope

EconoLed All in One .22 to .50 Caliber Rifle Red Dot Laser Boresighter
Rated 3.1 out of 5 stars from 68 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For serious shooters who want to aim perfectly but don’t have the money to waste on ammo, get the Red Dot Laser Bore Sighter by Warfire for only $15.99.

This bore sighter kit comes with four arbors for a .22, .50, 20 and 18 gauge shotgun.

It is powered by an LR-50 battery and a package contains one free battery, ready to use.

What do customers say about this affordable bore sighter?

Well, aside from the fact that it works, it looks decent too.

Common issue that customers talked about was its rubber plug for the .22 – it easily gets broken.

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F.Dorla New Red Dot Laser Boresighter Bore Sighter Kit .17 to .50 Caliber Rifle Gauge Kit

F.Dorla New Red Dot Laser Boresighter Bore Sighter Kit .17 to .50 Caliber Rifle Gauge Kit
Rated 2.0 out of 5 stars from 68 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

You might think that cheap and affordable laser bore sighters are not worth it until you get a New Red Dot Laser Boresighter Bore Sighter Kit .17 to .50 Caliber Rifle Gauge Kit from F.Dorla.

This bore sighter is one of the best laser bore sighter out there because of its design and ease of use.

For only $21.99, this new version of laser bore sight has seven adjustable core adapters, making it snug and fit perfectly n any pistol or rifle.

It can be used to align your optics on your .17 to .50 rifle regardless if you are using iron, optical, laser or holographic sight.

The laser can be easily turned on and off as well to save battery as needed.

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TMS Red Laser Bore Sight Kit Boresighter for .22 to .50 Caliber Scope Handgun Rifles

Rated 3.5 out of 5 stars from 46 customers. CLick the image for prices and reviews!
Rated 3.5 out of 5 stars from 46 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For $24.99, you can get a bore sighter that works rom TMS.

The TMS Red Laser Bore Sight Kit Boresighter for .22 to .50 Caliber Scope Handgun Rifles is lightweight, assures durability and promises accuracy without the need to fire ammo.

It can be used on a 0.22 to 0.50 caliber handguns and complete kit comes with the necessary tool for installing the bore sighter, four adapters and extra batteries.

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Laser bore sighter within a $50 range

Bushnell Laser Boresighter

Bushnell Laser Boresighter
Rated 3.6 out of 5 stars from 1,137customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Just like its rifles and scopes, Bushnell also offer affordable yet quality bore sights making them one of the known brands of best bore sights in the market today.

The Bushnell Laser Boresighter is only $25.79 but it can produce rapid and precise laser for a precise aiming.

The kit also comes with 7 arbors that can be used on a 20 and 12 gauge shotguns and .22- through .50-caliber rifles.

It is powered by its 6 inches long LR-44 batteries and a single kit comes with one free battery, ready to use.
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CVLIFE .22 to .50 Caliber Rifle Gauge Boresight Red Dot Laser Boresighter Bore Sighter

CVLIFE .22 to .50 Caliber Rifle Gauge Boresight Red Dot Laser Boresighter Bore Sighter
Rated 3.5 out of 5 stars from 356 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

For $25, you can have a solid, cool looking and easy to use laser bore sight from CVLIFE. This bore sighter weighs 150g and has a wavelength of 650nM.

It also comes with 4 adjustable adapters that can fit any .22 caliber up to 0.5 caliber pistol or rifle. When not in use, it can sit comfortably on its case to avoid losing or any of its small parts/adapters. The case is good with cut-out foam inside for every part of the bore sight.

What do customers say about this bore sighter from CVLIFE? Pretty good actually! Most users praised the solid product although some had problems with the laser of their received product. It was compensated though with a great and prompt customer service and action.
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LaserLyte Universal Bore Sighter

LaserLyte Universal Bore Sighter
Rated 3.9 out of 5 stars from 132 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

The LaserLyte Universal Bore Sighter is one expensive toy at $43.39 but with a working laser that ha a range of 500 yards even at night, this is a pretty cool stuff.

LaserLyte is an American brand and you can be assured that this product is made in the US. The LaserLyte Universal Bore Sighter is very easy to use.

Just choose the bore adapter that you will use, slide it in your barrel and turn the laser on. Once the laser dot is on, start adjusting your scope!

LaserLyte assures user of its LaserLyte Universal Bore Sighter that it is one of the best laser bore sighter in the market today with its precise and calibrated accuracy.

The laser works with the help of A-76 batteries that can last up to an hour of continuous use.

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SightMark Laser Bore Sights Cartridge Sizes: SightMark AccuDot Laser Bore Sight – 223 Model SM39001

SightMark Laser Bore Sights Cartridge Sizes: SightMark AccuDot Laser Bore Sight - 223 Model SM39001
Rated 4.2 out of 5 stars from 639 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Another bore sight below the $50 range is the SightMark Laser Bore Sights Cartridge Sizes: SightMark AccuDot Laser Bore Sight – 223 Model SM39001 that only costs $28.95. This bore sight allow users to practice up to 100 yard with its 632 to 650 nm laser wavelength. This means you can still see the 2 inches red laser dot even at 100 yards. This bore sight from SightMark is made of brass, making it tough and solid for a bore sight of such price.

For this bore sight, you just have to load the chamber to your rifle, aim and check if the laser is hitting your target precisely. This shows you your aim and how you are doing with precision without firing single ammunition. Why it is just one of our best lasers bore sighter and not the best? It is the fact that it doesn’t have an on and off button keeping the laser on and wasting the battery unless removed!

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Laser bore sighter above $50

SiteLite Mag Laser Boresighter

SiteLite Mag Laser Boresighter
Rated 4.4 out of 5 stars from 179 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you are the type of a marksman that invests in everything that you use, then you can do so with SiteLite Mag Laser Boresighter for $99.99. This bore sighter is one of the best laser bore sighter to date with its guaranteed superior accuracy. SiteLite also offers a lifetime warranty for this product.
Why spend so much on a bore sighter like SiteLite? For one, the SiteLite Mag Laser Boresighter comes with a BTS program that allows you to printout your target for your laser regardless of the type of rifle you have. With its SRL Scope Leverer, you would know if your bore sighting is on level or not. As a bonus, if you are a Muley Crazy collector, then you can have the Muley Crazy DVD featuring a massive 255″ that was taken by SiteLite President Rich Langner. Fanatics – rejoice!

In addition, unlike cheaper and affordable bore sighters; expensive ones always offer the value for your money like what SiteLite offer. With SiteLite, you won’t have to put up with breakable adapter and consistently changing O-rings. Best of all, it is feels solid to touch and works on different rifles and guns.

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Wheeler Engineering Laser Bore Sighter, Red

Wheeler Engineering Laser Bore Sighter, Red
Rated 4.1 out of 5 stars from 18 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Wheeler Engineering is a known manufacturer of different gunsmith supplies and accessories and one of the best products they have is their bore sighter. At a price of $79.79, the Wheeler Engineering Laser Bore Sighter can help users to make scope adjustments very easy, simple and fast. This bore sighter is also compatible with any gun and uses a red dot laser to indicate aim and alignment. When not in use, you can put this bore sighter inside its plastic storage case to keep it clean and ready to use for the next session. Powered by a single Lithium 123A battery, this bore sighter from Wheeler Engineering is considered as one of the best laser bore sighter in the market today.

Since this bore sighter from Wheeler Engineering is normally set-up with a magnet (to make sighting accurate and precise), it can be set up with any type of gun. The issue is the manual labor it takes to make sure that everything is set-up correctly especially the distance of the barrel from the magnet. One problem though that users found is the short distance capability of the laser which is just 5 yards. Beyond 5 yards and the red dot cannot be seen anymore.

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Laser bore sighter above $100

Wheeler Laser Bore Sighter

Wheeler Laser Bore Sighter
Rated 4.6 out of 5 stars from 84 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Another laser bore sighter product from Wheeler Engineering is the Wheeler Laser Bore Sighter that has a green laser, visible during the day. Unlike the laser bore sighter from Wheeler Engineering that comes with red laser light, this is more expensive at $119.99.

This laser bore sight from Wheeler also offers easy scope adjustments allowing an easier, faster and more precise alignment. It also uses a single Lithium 123A battery and can be used on different types of guns and rifles.

At twice the price of the red dot laser bore sighter from Wheeler Engineering; customers who used this laser bore sighting are more positive when it comes to their experience. Users praise the green dot being visible in the broad daylight even as far as 50 yards. As a bonus, this laser bore sighter even comes with a reflective target, making practices easier during the day.

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SiteLite Ultra Mag Laser Professional Boresighter

SiteLite Ultra Mag Laser Professional Boresighter
Rated 4.7 out of 5 stars from 61 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Further researching and looking for the best bore sighter in the market led us to the ultimate bore sighter from SiteLite, the SiteLite Ultra Mag Laser Professional Boresighter. At $149.99, this bore sighter promises high accuracy and a lifetime warranty from the manufacturer. Just like any bore sighter from SiteLite, it also comes with a BTS program to print out laser bore sighting target and the SRL Scope Leverer for a more accurate sighting.

This laser bore sighter from SiteLite is compatible with a .22 to .50 cal. plus 20 & 12 gauge shotguns. Most users applaud the printed target and the bright laser light of their Site Lite bore sighter. Since the target can be customized using the SiteLite downloadable software, users are happier to have their own designed target.

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Last Words

With so many lasers bore sighter in the market today with most of them at an affordable price; it is best to check reviews and what users have to say first before purchasing one. You would not want to end up purchasing three or four affordable bore sighters that breaks down easily when you can get a better one for a few more dollars.

Laser bore sighters within the $50 to $100 range often promises durability and high accuracy as compared to those below the $50 range. Still, if you can understand how your bore sighter works with a laser that works properly and is visible regardless of the time of the day, then you definitely found the best laser bore sighter that works for you. Also, bore sighters that comes as a kit or a set is always advantageous because of the case that comes with it, the extra batteries and the different adapters that you can get.

Click here for the Best Laser Bore Sighters available in 2017!

What Is the Best Scope for Boar Hunting?

Click here to see the Best Scope for Bear Hunting available in 2017!

boar hunting scopeBoar hunters insist that boar hunting doesn’t require scopes. It’s more of a close-quarter engagement kind of deal, or perhaps one that deals with stealth, wiliness, and cunning (as well as loads of baits and traps).

However, for the last 150 years, scopes have advanced so much to allow for boar hunting applications. Optical sights have become so ubiquitous that even the U.S. Army, known for its conservative stance, has begun using them. At any rate, here are some boar hunting scopes for you to choose from. 

The Best Scope for Your Money When It Comes to Boar Hunting 

  1. Nikon Buckmasters 4×15 Mil-Dot Riflescope

For those who are used to shopping or reviewing for scopes for a living, it should come as no surprise that Nikon found a way to get to this list. Nikon products are renowned for their light-transmission excellence and versatility in hunting, military, and law enforcement applications due to their cost-effectiveness.

This is a best scope for hunting boar candidate because of its fixed 4x magnification and 15-millimeter objective plus mil-dot range-finding reticle. It’s particularly advantageous to variable magnification because you don’t have to turn the dial for the right magnification every time. 

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  1. The Burris Full Field II 2-7x35mm Riflescope
Burris Fullfield II 2x-7x-35mm matte Ballistic Plex
Rated 4.9 out of 5 stars from 23 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

This is a highly recommended riflescope because of its cost-effectiveness. For its price, you’ll get a German #4 type reticle that allows for shooting at any light, whether it’s low light, bright light, and so forth. Your light transmission is completely controlled.

This is also the best scope for boar in its own way becauseshoots well with the likes of the Ruger Hawkeye in .338 Federal. It’s a perfect fit with many a gun, particularly when you consider its scouting range to mid-range shooting capabilities. You can really get a drop on the boar even up until pointblank range at 2x to 7x with a 35-millimeter objective. 

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  1. Bushnell Elite 3200 2-7x32mm Riflescope
Bushnell Elite Multi-X Reticle Riflescope, 2-7x32
Rated 4 out of 5 stars from 3 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you want to hunt boars effectively, then you should know full-well that they’re easiest targeted from afar, when you get the drop on them or if they’re charging at you and you’re within scouting range to shoot with 1x to 4x magnification.

You don’t usually snipe at them unless you’re introducing bait into the scenario that keeps them still while you eliminate them with a caliber of gun that’s enough to take down a rhinoceros.

With the Bushnell Elite 3200 2-7x32mm Riflescope, you’re give an accurate scope that might not have as good an eye relief as a Leupold line, but is still excellent in all other aspects regardless.

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  1. Leupold VX-7 1.5-6x24mm Riflescope: 
Demo,Leupold VX-7 1.5-6x24mm Riflescope, Satin Finish, XT Duplex Reticle 113192-DEMO
Not rated. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Boars, unlike lions (specifically the national treasure and protected lion of Zimbabwe, Cecil the Lion, which was killed by American dentist and game hunter Walter Palmer) are an invasive species in many countries, so hunting actually helps in controlling their population somewhat.

You can help thin out the boar pest population in your area with this best boar hunting scope candidate and the appropriate firearm.

It’s a perfect fit with many a scout rifle and assault rifle for sure, with its scout-rifle-range of 1.5x to 6x magnification and decent 24-millimeter objective. If aperture or open iron sights aren’t enough for your boar hunting needs, bag them with the Leupold VX-7 1.5-6x24mm Riflescope.

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  1. Leupold VX-3 2.5-8x32mm Riflescope: 
Leupold VX-3 Handgun 2.5-8x32mm
Rated 5 out of 5 stars from 5 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

If you’re a young, spry hunter of the age of 20 to 25 years of age, then hunting boars with iron sights is enough. However, the inevitability of age affects all men, so if your visual acuity has been reduced, then you’ll need something than the usual open sights or peepshow sights; you should instead have the best boar hunting rifle scope. 

The Leupold VX-3 2.5-8x32mm Riflescope, as opposed to the Leupold VX-7 1.5-6x24mm Riflescope, has superior upper magnification range at the expense of a compromised CQB (Closed-Quarter Battle) range and a bigger 24-millimeter objective lens size. It also has an extended twilight lens system and Multicoat 4 lens coating to maximize light transmission. 

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  1. Leupold European 30 1.25-4x20mm Riflescope: 
Demo,Leupold European-30 1.25-4x20mm Riflescope w/ Duplex Reticle 113360-DEMO
Not rated. Click the image for prices and reviews!

With this scope, you might not be too familiar with it compared to the VX line.

Regardless, the Leupold European-30 1.25-4x20mm, 2-7x33mm Riflescope retains all the excellence of its VX brethren and remains in and of itself an excellent boar hunting choice specs-wise with its scout riflescope type of features such as a 1.25x to 4x magnification power range and 20-millimeter objective that gets the job done because of its topnotch glass and light-maximizing lenses that ensure excellent light transmission even in the dim jungle or forest where boars usually hide.

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  1. Weaver Classic V7 2-7x32mm Riflescope: 
Weaver V-7 2-7X32 Riflescope (Matte)
Rated 4.5 out of 5 stars from 14 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

Although Leupold doubtlessly dominates the boar hunting market it hasn’t by any means cornered it. There are still some excellent Leupold alternatives to choose from in case you can’t afford any of the Leupold recommendations on this list.

The Weaver Classic V7 2-7x32mm Riflescope is an excellent choice because of its hard coating on the exterior lenses and edge-to-edge clarity that allows you to shoot that boar true before it could even gain enough momentum to charge at you in full force thanks to the scope’s Dual-X Reticle with ¼-inch adjustments at 100 yards and nitrogen purging that ensures moisture-free and fogproof operation.

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  1. EOTech Holographic Hybrid Sight II EXPS3-2 with G33.STS: 
Eotech HHS l (EXPS3-4 with G33 3x Magnifier)
Rated 5 out of 5 stars from 28 customers. Click the image for prices and reviews!

As for EOTech’s Holographic Hybrid Sight II EXPS3-2 with G33.STS, it’s probably the most high-tech sight in this list since it makes use of holographic technology to project the reticle from inside the scope and give you a clear, unimpeded look at your wild boar target without having to deal with glass-etched crosshairs.

It also features fixed 3x magnification within scout rifle range and a large viewing window for eyes-open shooting at a magnifier-increased target, thus it becomes easy to aim at the boar’s vital spots this way. It’s also ideal for whitetail deer and predator hunting on top of dealing with boar.

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In Summary

These scopes present some excellent values in today’s market of boar hunting, particularly the Leupold line that practically filled half the list with its different scout riflescope offerings.

There are times when iron sights aren’t enough to deal with your hog-hunting requirements. The best scope for boar hunting need not be the most powerful scope around in terms of magnification, since boars aren’t the type of animal you engage from afar and snipe. Also remember that a scout rifle (and scope) is a hunter’s best friend as far as quick reaction accurate shooting is concerned.

Click here to see the Best Scope for Bear Hunting available in 2017!

Survival Tips: The Ultimate Guide to Survival

Hunting and Survival Tips

The key to survival is preparation. Oftentimes, however, being in a survival situation means that you may not have the necessary tools or equipment at your immediate disposal. Proper survival training and know how allows you to use the items in your environment to your advantage. Such knowledge is invaluable and can be the difference between life and death!

One may think that these skills are only important to outoorsmen, campers, fishers, and the like. This is a common fallacy. Everyone can benefit from basic survival skills! Imagine – you are on a relaxing hike in the woods, when suddenly you realize that you are lost. Everything starts to look the same, and you are not quite sure where to go or what to do. Panic starts to set in. What will you do? With survival skills such as small shelter building, fire starting, how to find potable water, and navigation, chances are you will make it out of any situation – alive and well

Finding Water for Survival

Water is essential, without it you will simply die. In a nutshell without water your chances are less than zero. This is true in all climates whether hot or cold . The human body looses a tremendous amount of water in hot climates. and even larger quantities when exertion enters the picture. Cold weather is no exception, your body still requires at least 2 quarts of water per day..Considering that the human body consists of mostly water, it must remain hydrated, or all of its functions will deteriorate rapidly. Unless water level is maintained illness will follow and possibly death. The simple act of eating should be avoided if water is not available. Remember the digestion of food takes water. If water supplies are low do not eat.

Many times finding water may prove difficult. obviously this can be a problem in the desert. Also the oceans can present a difficult time supplying fresh water as well. Just because water is in abundance does not mean it is consumable.

Streams and lakes are not generally a problem, If it is available disinfect it and drink it. When in hilly areas look in the valleys between the hills. The larger the hills the larger the watershed will be. You might have to dig a hole in the lowest area available to locate water. Dry creek beds can also be a source , as well as rock depressions, When looking in dry creek beds dig into the bank with the direction of water flow as low as possible and let water seep into hole.

In desert or mountain areas that have large rocks depressions. The rocks will sometimes act as cache basins. Always look in these spots.

You must keep in mind, water never has been crystal clear and pure. Any and all water in the wild areas of the world have always been contaminated with micro organisms. Only in the fantasy world of Hollywood and television commercials has pure water existed. The one possible exception would be subterranean spring water. Impure water has been responsible for killing millions of people due to diseases like Cholera and Typhoid, These are deadly threats to life and have existed in the water in past years..Even today in the computer age people should still Consider all water suspect. Meaning unless it comes from a known pure source it should be considered unsafe and contaminated unless treated. Rain water is an exception rain water is nothing more than evaporated and condensed water. If captured in a clean container it may be consumed as is. Drinking salt water must be avoided, Salt water puts a heavy strain on the kidneys and will cause them to eventually stop functioning. The result of this is death.

Regardless how overpowering your thirst may be. Do Not drink impure water. If you do, Chances are disaster will quickly follow. This is a problem you do not want in a survival situation, Waterborne diseases are dangerous and may include Typhoid, Cholera, or Dysentery and many types of bacteria or cysts.

Water may be treated with various methods to render it safe to drink. Boiling is always a safe bet, There are also chemical methods of treatment that are also safe. Iodine based disinfectants are easy to carry, long lasting and do a good job.

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are not only a nuisance, but can also spread disease. They seem to come out of nowhere by the thousands at times. The buzzing alone is irritating, but the bite can bring potential long lasting illness. And once bitten the itching can be unbearable and seems to last a long time. Mosquito’s are a prime food source for bats and many birds. They keep many of these animals well fed.

Only the female mosquito bites, the male is content to live on the juice of trees and plants. The female is on a life long quest for blood. She needs this protein for egg production. Unfortunately in her quest for blood she may bite a sick person or animal and transfer diseases from one host to another. Once a mosquito is infected with a disease it will last the duration of her life. These diseases are no trivial thing, they include West Nile disease, yellow fever, encephalitis and approximately 70 additional others types of disease.

Mosquito’s like water; stagnant water is a prime breeding area. They thrive in the decay of brush and grasses. Empty or eliminate any areas of standing water, this will help reduce the population. There are two classifications of mosquitoes. The Anopheline and the Culicine. It is the Anopheline type, which is the malaria carrier. The Culicine type, which also includes the common house mosquito, and the yellow fever carrier. Both types of mosquito can present serious health issues.

The female may live from a week to 30 days or more. In this period of time she will lay several batches of eggs. Ranging in quantity from 50 to in excess of 200. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist long to determine this can turn into a population explosion rather quickly. Birds, bats, dragonflies are all mosquito predators. Without them we would soon have a very serious problem.

The tiny mosquito is well armed to hunt its prey. They see in a different light spectrum than we do, They are extremely sensitive to carbon dioxide and lactic acid. They seem to prefer dark colors and blues the best. Each time you exhale a breath, you surround yourself with carbon dioxide. To the mosquito its as though you are ringing the dinner bell. Also they zoom in on lactic acid. Sugar products when mixed with saliva create lactic acid. Eating sweets is like waving a red flag. When you exercise or stretch and strain your muscles also create lactic acid. This is a normal function, but to the mosquito it’s a sure-fire way to locate a good meal. The only defense against them without any repellants is to lock yourself away or to cease living. I find neither of the choices very appealing.

Many years ago, a product was developed to repel these small bloodsuckers. It has been used worldwide for many years. There are people that will not or cannot use this product, yet to this day it seems to offer the best defense. The name of this product is “N.N-diethyl-metatoluamide” or commonly called “DEET”.

There are many debates over the concentrations of DEET and what percentages work the best. It seems that 100% is no more effective than 17% as far as repelling goes, although the time frame between applications is much longer with the higher percentages. One company in particular has figured out a time release formula. This formula works very well. The US military forces are currently using this formula. TC.

How to Build a Compass

In our lifetimes few things are more consistant than the sun. It follows the same pattern day after day and year after year. It is so consistant that clocks are designed to use its precise timing. Our planet Earth rotates on its axis extremely close to 15 degrees per hour. This precise timing allows us to make a compass using shadows cast by the sun. We can then use these shadows to find north and south.

From this baseline we are able to determine directions with more than a fair degree of accuracy and consistency. There are several ways to determine cardinal directions by using the sun and shadow methods. But, I shall only give single example in this article. As we have been taught for many generations, the sun rises somewhat in the east and sets somewhat in the west. It also crosses the southern sky. By using this easterly and westerly rise and setting of the sun, we are able to use shadows cast by the sun to build a crude but accurate compass of sorts.

To build a compass using this method, you will need only a few items and patience. A short straight stick, several small stones, a smooth area and a sun that is bright enough to cast a strong shadow.

To build a shadow stick compass such as shown in photos, you will need only the items listed below and patience.

  1. A short straight stick.
  2. Several small stones.
  3. A smooth area, and a sun bright enough to cast a strong shadow.

First, you will need a straight stick approximately 12 inches long. push this stick into the ground so it is in an upright position. Hopefully the sun will be bright enough that it will cast a strong and distinct shadow. Next set a small rock on the ground at the end of the shadow. Every half hour or so, again you will place a different stone at the end of the shadow. As the sun moves a cross the southern sky the end of the shadow will be at a new location on the ground. After you have set several rocks in place, you will notice they will be in somewhat of a straight line. This line of rocks will be indicative of your east / west line. If you stand with your left foot on the first shadow that is cast, and your right foot on the last shadow cast, you will be facing a northerly direction. And your back will be facing a southerly direction. From this basic north south position you will find it easy to determine the other directions. I recommend showing this little trick to your children, they will love it, and as a bonus it may prove useful one day.

Ash Cake Cooking

Food takes on a whole new meaning in the wilderness, and generally a whole new taste as well. Most people will eat things in the wilderness that they wouldnot even consider eating at home. Food that is burnt and hard or even cold seems appealing to them. And why not? It’s different, most generally, unusual In taste and texture. Many times it even looks disgusting to some. Think how many campers seem to long for bacon and eggs cooked over an open fire, in a cast iron skillet. Granola bars are good, and easy to pack, but lack that special taste that seems to say “hhmmmm, camp cooked’. In this letter I will be writing about different cooking methods, some easy and some a little unique. all work well. The photographs you are seeing show bread being baked on a hardwood stick and Ash cakes cooked in a pile of hot coals.

The above photos show the baking of bread being baked on a stick. When baking bread in this manner it will prove to be easier, if a forked stick is driven into ground and the baking stick is set in the fork. This method will allow easy rotation of the bread.This also provides bread that is more uniformly cooked. I have a tendency to over cook most foods, including my breads. If bread becomes a bit dark, simply scrape off the over cooked areas. It is possible to cook this bread into a golden brown and tasty treat. your baking stick should be made of hardwood and dry. Avoid resinous woods as they will impart an undesirable taste to bread

These photos show ash cakes being set directly onto the hot coals for cooking. This method will always burn the outer layer of the bread. This is not a problem for some people. The ash will wipe off the bread and the parts that become burnt can be scraped or cut away. Or you can simply break open and eat the bread inside. I like these cakes. Always, use only hardwoods for the fire and let burn to a bed of coals. By adding sugar and, or a touch of cinnamon the bread is a special treat. Kids love the taste of this bread.

As you can see in these photos, the bread is being cooked on aluminum foil and on a hardwood slab. both methods tend to keep ash and burning to a minimum. The bread likes to stick to the aluminum but I have discovered that a thin layer of flour seems to help and minimizes sticking. I must again stress, use only hardwoods. A flat thin rock that has a fire built on it is also a great cooking platform.The rock will hold heat a very long time. Build a large fire. Find a clean flat rock and set the rock on the fire. Place hardwood onto the top of rock. The wood will burn and heat the rock. Brush coals to the side, so a clean area is exposed in center of rock and place bread dough on rock. let bake until firm, then rotate often for even baking. I have baked potatoes in the same fashion.

Cooking In A Baggie

Cooking foods such as soups in a plastic baggie would seem impossible. It would seem ridiculous to apply heat to a thin plastic bag without destroying it. Yet as strange as this may seem, the baggie not only acts as a suitable container for food storage, but it also makes a suitable cook pot. I recommend carrying two one gallon freezer type baggies in your survival kit. These freezer type storage containers are made of a thicker plastic than their counterpart, the lightweight and conventional storage bags.

Steps to cook in a baggie.

If a container of some sort is available to support your baggie when it is full of water then by all means use it. If none are available then a hole dug in the ground offers the needed support to hold the baggie in a vertical position. The size of this hole should be only large enough to hold bag in a secure upright position. The next few steps are easy enough to follow. first locate approximately 6 to 10 golf ball size rocks, these rocks should be smooth. Wash the rocks thoroughly in clean water. This is necessary to remove any dirt or mud. Now start a hardwood fire and let the fire burn to a bed of hot coals. keep this fire strong by adding wood until you have an abundance of hot coals. Use a blow tube to direct air into fire. this will increase temperature considerably. Add your golf ball size rocks to fire and let them sit in hot coals. After 20 minutes or so, remove the rocks one at a time and add them to your water filled baggie. Use green sticks to remove rocks from fire. Cut a flat end on each stick , this will help greatly in holding rocks in place. Be sure your baggie already contains the appropriate amount of water and your chosen ingredients for your soup.

Be very careful when handling these rocks, DO NOT touch them with your hands. These rocks will be extremely hot. Under most conditions, about six of these rocks added to soup mix will normally bring solution to a boil. Be careful, as these rocks will stay hot a very long time, When you believe the rock has lost most of its cooking heat,add another, and so on. Only a few medium size rocks will bring water too a very high temperature. If you happen to have aluminum foil in your survival kit, then insert a folded piece in bottom of the baggie, this will be helpful in the prevention of holes from sharp rocks. A layer of Dandelion leaves will also perform same function. Your baggie is worthless if it becomes punctured or torn. I have used two of these freezer type plastic bags at the same time. Insert on inside of the other, add a small amount of water between the two. then fill the inner baggie with your soup mix and water. I once had some doubt as to whether this would actually work the first time I tried it. But it does work. Our minds tell us that the hot rock will destroy the thin plastic. As of yet, I have never melted or burned a hole in the baggie. Although I have punctured one. My recommendation is to use the smoothest rocks you can find. Always avoid creek bed rocks. The internal pressure from steam will cause rock to crack and many times actually explode. Rocks are pourous and will absorb water. When these rocks are heated, steam builds up internally and in many cases, causing them to explode.. Good luck on this method of food preparation. The lowly baggie may not be the best cook pot, but then again its not the worst by far.

Wilderness Cooking

Cooking in the outdoors whether for survival purposes or just for the fun of it, can be very enjoyable or a real hassle. There are many factors and variables that can turn the best of intentions into a gourmet nightmare. Obviously, if you have all of the cooking equipment you need with you, then your chances for a culinary delight are greatly improved. But in a survival situation, the reality is ‘It ain’t gonna be no Pic Nic’. Let’s face the truth, when you are scrubbing for grub it should be easily prepared, contain the necessary nutrients your body needs and hopefully have a taste that is reasonably palatable. I realize some types of foods are going to taste bad enough that they could gag a maggot. Although we are able to make them taste better, or at least a little bette

The first item on our list will be fire. Cooking fires to be more precise. Not all types of fires can be utilized efficiently for cooking. What we need for cooking is a good bed of hot coals. In the majority of cooking cases it will be the coals and not the fire itself that should be utilized. That is, unless you are browning, toasting or reflecting the heat of the fire. Always try to use hardwoods for cooking since they burn slower and hotter than softwoods. Always avoid evergreen trees if possible. The resins in the wood will cause the fire to burn inconsistent and will often impart a bad taste to roasted foods. Always have a bed of coals large enough to cook your foods. Heat regulation is very important. A good rule of thumb are the hand and second count method. Place your hand approximately four inches above the coals and count the seconds before you have to remove your hand from the heat. This may seem like foolish thing to do. But unless you have hands of steel you won’t linger to long. The length of time you are able to hold your hand near the coals will give the approximate temperature of the heat. A simple chart is below:

1 second or less=450-500 degrees F.
2 to 3 seconds =400-450 degrees F.
4 to 5 seconds =350-400 degrees F.
6 to 8 seconds =250-350 degrees F.

There are many efficient cooking methods and all will get the job done, some are simply easier to use than others. Ash cooking for example is a very old method and works well. I must stress again, always use hardwoods for ash cooking. By simply laying food on top of the coal bed it will cook just fine. Very little if any ash will stick to the food. Besides, a little ash will not hurt you anyway..The early mountain men and pioneers would prepare dough and roll into balls or flatten. They would then lay this prepared dough directly on the hot coals. Often the outside will burn somewhat,but this does not create a problem or ruin the bread. After baking, break open the dough ball and eat the soft inner bread. If the crust is not to brown, brush off ash and eat the hard outer crust. Or dip in coffee. Everyone should try this. I have a complete article written specifically for ash cake cooking. Take a look and read.

Meats can be cooked in the same manner, the heat of the coals will sear the outside of the meat and trap the inner juices. After cooking, the ash will easily brush off the meats. This meat will be absolutely delicious. Potato’s and tubers can be buried in the coals and left to cook. They will also develop a hard outer crust while cooking. To eat, simply cut open the hard crust and eat the contents. Potatoes or tubers may also be packed in a layer of thick mud or clay and buried in a bed of hot coals then left to bake for approximately 20 minutes or longer. After cooking, break off the mud or clay shell and eat the prepared foods. Many types of foods may be prepared in this manner. In the months ahead I will describe other types of cooking methods. In the meantime, try the methods described above. You will be surprised at the delicious meals you are able to prepare using very little. Good luck.

Bivy Sacks

The very word Bivouac, means (a temporary encampment). But in the eyes of the outdoor enthusiasts, it means a temporary encampment in a micro shelter. These new breed of miniaturized tents are extremely small and weigh very little. Some weigh barely over 2 pounds. They will fit easily in a small day-pack and are designed to handle the worst of weather conditions. These are far superior to the old style cotton bivy sacs that were once issued to American military personel. These old bivy sacks were little more than sleeping bag covers. The newer models that are currently being used by the U.S.military are very high tech. These are manufactured using a very grade material and laminated with waterproof breathable fabrics. The outdoor enthusiast market offers sleeping bag covers that are not only waterproof and breathable but can be zipped completely shut to seal off even the harshest of weather conditions. Some models are little more than tiny tents. I have used both types. If a person is claustrophobic then these shelters will not suit their needs at all. After all, they are very restricted as far as room goes. But as a emergency survival shelters, or for use on extreme lightweight backpacking trips, there shelters are hard to Beat.

The quality of these shelters is superb. and the ability to seal them off from heavy rain or snow is very good. I once slept comfortably through a blizzard in northern Michigan a few years back in one of these bivy sacs. The wind along with blowing snow was ferocious that night. By morning I was covered in several inches of snow, yet none of the snow or wind penetrated my small nylon fortress. Many bivy sacs have micro screen netting sewn into them for extra breathability along with offering insect relief. Most of these models can be seal completely off to the outside weather.

I have even slept in the northwoods of America, where the mosquito population is huge and they have proven to be relentless blood suckers. These mosquito’s simply will not let up. I have zipped myself inside the bivy sac and slept thru the night while hundreds of mosquito’s were trying desperately to get at my warm blood. These shelters are by no means inexpensive, although a decent nights rest is worth a great deal. The photographs show various brands and models. All of the brands shown are worth considering. If you are able to deal with this type of shelter. Keep in mind they are small. Try one, you might like it. I sure do.

 

Sleeping Pads

I have stated many times in the past that only a fool sleeps uncomfortable when they do not need too. In this Letter I will focus on commercially manufacture sleeping pads. I realize these pads are a long shot from pine boughs or a moss and leaf bed. But none the less, they are out there on the market for sale, and they do work. Most are relatively inexpensive. Extemely functional and pretty darn comfortable. In the very cold regions of the northern United States and Canada, These pads can save your life. When I am on a backpacking trip into the Cold northern regions, I always carry two pads. Sleeping on two pads, even on a frozen lake has proven to be very comfortable. By using two pads, I have never felt the bite of cold even while sleeping on ice. The insulation value changes of course depending on the thickness and type or pad used. There are several types available. I will attempt to list the most popular types along with the positive and negative sides of each type.

Sleeping pads perform two important functions. The first is to provide a comfortable bed. Even when sleeping on hard or uneven ground. Secondly, they provide an important insulation barrier between you and the cold ground. This barrier will prevent heat loss from your body to ground through conduction. They function much like a sleeping bag by trapping and holding non-circulating air. Dead air is an insulator, moving air is not.

There are several types of pads available. Many are very light and offer borderline comfort on rough terrain, yet maintain remarkable insulation qualities. A few are exceptional at both yet still weigh very little. Then there are the self inflating open cell foam pads, they are heavy by a couple of pounds, yet offer supreme comfort and tremendous insulation. They are bulkier and take a few minutes to fully inflate. much longer in cold temperatures.

Lets start with air mattresses. I consider these a poor choice. Air mattresses may be ok in fair weather for car camping and floating around the pond on, but avoid them as a winter or wilderness choice. Air mattresses are heavy and require effort to inflate. They puncture and tear easily. the air inside is free to move when you do. This alone makes them a poor choice as an insulation barrier.

Open cell foam pads. Open cell foam pads are lightweight and inexpensive. They are constructed of millions of tiny foam cells. These cells tend to restrict air movement which makes them a better insulator than the air mattress. These pad are very comfortable, yet tend to be bulky. Another negative is the foams ability to absorb moisture in wet conditions. Open cell foam must be cut four times as thick as closed cell pads to achieve equal insulation.

Closed cell pads are constructed of very dense foam filled with tiny closed air cells. These pads are very inexpensive. The will not leak, impossible to deflate. have almost no air movement in thev pad. They weight next to nothing and can be cut into smaller sections for sitting pads. On the negative side, they are thin, stiff and firm and offer less than perfect comfort and rocky ground.

Self inflating pads. These seem to have most of the good qualities, and the negatives are not hard to deal with. And This type of pad offers great comfort, this type of pad also comes in a variety of thickness. They are constructed of open cell foam, yet they are sealed into a nylon cover with a valve built in for inflation. The nylon case holds trapped air with the foam restricts its movement. These pads will self inflate, after valve is left open. After inlation simply close the vale. A few puff of additional air may be required. The cover is easily cleaned with soap and water. They will puncture in the field, nothing is unbreakable. Although they can be easily repaired . On the negative side, they are more expensive, can be punctured or ripped, and some tend to be a little bulky to carry. A pad of this type when used in conjunction with a closed cell pad, will offer supreme comfort and insulative qualities. Here is a workable suggestion… Sew a sleeve that will allow you to insert both type pads into it. Leave one end open, this will allow you slip both pads into one container. This simple sleeve will keep both pads together. If you do not do this, you will find both pads tend to move about, leaving you on the cold ground.

Thistle

Thistle is a plant that is hated by many farmers. Thistle is considered to be an invasive plant that spread quickly in disturbed soils. Once entry is gained into unused fields, it is very difficult to eradicate them. They compete for space, water and nutrients in the soil. They grow very well where conditions are favorable for them. The thistle will grow in patches or singularly. The thistle plant has a worldwide range. Thistles can be found growing in dry rocky or moist sandy soils, such as forested meadows, clearings, prairies, roadsides, river and stream banks. It seems to thrive well in most areas. Its prickly leaves and straight stem make it easy to recognize the plant. The flower heads range from a beautiful purple, white, pink, or yellow.

Bees, moths and butterflies often frequent the colorful flowering head. Stinging ants, wasps, even bumblebees have a fondness for the nectar. Songbirds eat the seeds and the flowers. Even the tiny hummingbird may be seen eating insects on the flower head or collecting the down for their nests. The common thistle, although regarded by many to be a nuisance plant and noxious weed by many is a storehouse of edible food. Virtually all parts, less the spines can be used for food. It can be very useful in survival or wilderness living.

The roots, stems, young leaves, flower buds and even the seeds can be eaten. The roots can be eaten raw or cooked into a table vegetable such as a tastey turnip substitute in prepared foods such as soups. The roots can be dried and ground into flower or used as a stew extender. As a sugar substitute, roast the roots in an oven at low heat and extract the sugary syrup. It has a slightly bitter taste and is caramelized in color. This syrup can be used as a sugar substitute. The roots can be peeled and boiled then pickled in brine or soaked in sweetened cinnamon sugar syrup for a tasty sweetmeat. This is a traditional and tasty side dish in Armenia.

The peeled stems have long been considered to be wilderness thirst quenchers. The peeled stems are a nice treat to the knowledgeable woodsman, hikers and survivalist. The stems are juicy with a sweet taste and work well as a satisfying thirst quencher. Even the flowerless young stems are edible. Peel off their sharp prickly spines along with the hard outer rind filled with fibers and eat raw like celery. They can also be used as a potherb or made into a candied treat or pickled. The basal and stem leaves can be despined and eaten raw in salads or cooked as a vegetable. A hot tea can be made from the leaves. Eating the raw leaves is an acquired taste. Use only the young leaves, as the mature leaves are unpalatable. A hot tea can be made from old and withered leaves as a wilderness medicine such as an emetic (a vomit producing agent) to treat mild cases of food poisoning. The list of uses for thistle is quite impressive. The list is far greater than the limited room I have in this newsletter to write about. As a survival food, its uses are indeed impressive, and as a medicine the list is equally impressive. So the next time you come across the lowly thistle plant, consider it your friend instead of the noxious enemy many have always considered it to be. The thistle plant has far to many good qualities to be considered a lowly weed.

Cattail

Cattail, a most unlikely food source, or so it would seem. Actually there are four species of the American cattail, all of which are edible. Early settlers and Native Americans all used the cattail plant year-round as a source of food and fiber. Cattails are easily recognized by their tall and stiff flower stalks, which arise in clusters with long sword, shaped and pointed leaves. The flowers at the top of these stalks have the appearance of two sausage like sections. The pollen-bearing male flowers above, and the seed producing female flowers below. Cattails grow in the shallows of lakes, ponds, rivers and estuaries throughout the country.

The humble cattail has many delicious edible parts. Unlike many other plants the cattail does not have an acquired taste. The cattail is a storehouse of food no matter what time of the year you choose to use it. In fall and winter the mature flower head can be used as excellent insulation when used in clothing. It also works well as tinder for fire starting.

In early spring cut the young (18”) sprouts close to the rhizome. These may be peeled and eaten raw or slice and boil like green beans. The taste resembles cucumbers and the texture similar to carrots. In early summer cut the young flower heads just as they are beginning to turn from green to yellow. Remove the husk and boil, eat them, as you would corn on the cob. From mid fall to mid spring use the starchy rhizomes (the underground stems connecting plants). These make a great potato substitute or can be dried and ground into flower. To harvest, dig between plants with a digging stick and break off section of rhizome. Save the tiny green sprouts known as Russian asparagus. Boil in salted water. Peel away the rhizomes spongy outer husk and use only the white pithy inner core.

Cattail leaves are not edible but can be dried bundled then used as a cooking fuel. The leaves can be used year-round for weaving mats or baskets.

Snowshoes

I am not to confident in the fact that anyone knows where the first snowshoes were developed. I have heard many opinions as to their origin. But none of that speculation really matters. The design of the snowshoe is pretty much the same today as it was countless years ago. The major difference is in their size and the materials used. Early snowshoes were very large in comparison to the models of today. Many of the older types would often reach seven feet in length. These shoes were designed for large open spaces and fast travel. these were called,Alaska’s, Yukon’s, and Pickerels. These shoes were quite long and not very maneuverable in wooded areas. Today’s snowshoes are made mostly with very high tech plastics, aluminum and composite materials. The overall length has shrunk considerably. These new models are very lightweight and offer tremendous strength. The sole purpose of a snow is to offer floatation on snow. All snowshoes will sink somewhat into the snow. The depth of this penetration will be determined by the snows texture, the overall size of the shoes and the total weight the shoe must support.

The above photos show three different types of snowshoes. The far left is the more traditional wood and rawhide lace. These shoes are considered by many to be the best and the most attractive. Middle photo shows a pair of U.S.military magnesium framed snowshoes. These snowshoes have plastic coated stainless steel cable for lacing. I like these shoes. The far right are aluminum tube frames with synthetic decks. These snowshoes are very lightweight and offer great strength and floatation. This is pretty much the current trend and style being manufactured today. Many different manufactures offer similar models. Prices vary according to bindings, materials and size.

This set of shoes are constructed with a solid deck being molded around aluminum tubing. This type of shoe is a little heavier but extremely strong. They also come in varying sizes. This type of shoe is also becoming more popular each year. s. This set happens to be a little shorter than the top right pair. Never wear a shoe that is larger than what is needed. Always keeping in mind that a backpack or any equipment other than yourself will require a larger shoe. On the far right are the small Swiss army snowshoes. These work well with limited weight and on hard packed snow. And they are very cost effective, generally under twenty dollars a pair. snowshoes are worthless unless they can be fastened firmly to the foot. It seems every manufacture claims to have the best bindings. I have used many different bindings, The all seem to work pretty well. The new synthetic bindings are easily fastened even while wearing gloves or mittens. A note on wooden and rawhide snowshoes is in order. When winter ends and it is time to retire your snowshoes until the next year. Consider giving the a thorough cleaning and coat them with 2 layers of shellac or clear varnish. I have used the new polyurethane coating with success.

There are many good books on the market that offer substantial information concerning this winter sport. Read a few. They all offer good tips. If you have never walked on snowshoes then by all means try the sport. It is very hard work, but the rewards of going into places no other can with them is a lot of fun. The winter sights are awesome. Try it, you may just love it.

Making A Spoon

Eating utensils can be easily made even in the wilderness. The common spoon is by far one the most practical and useful choices of utensils to make. And soups are much easier to eat with a spoon, Soup dishes are not only easily prepared, they are nutritious as well. In the wilderness, a spoon may be made by using a knife and dry wood. The center is easily burned out to a rough shape using the hot rock method. Heat rocks in a bed of coals,Then using a forked stick or two small green sticks set hot rock on wood to burn to shape. Bowls can also be made in similar fashion. Once a general shape is formed only time and effort are required to finish the bowl or spoon. Scraping and shaping is easily accomplished with a knifes edge or sharp rock. A smooth finish is easily obtainable using sand or finely crushed rock dust. use the dust as you wood sandpaper. The finish product will not only be a beneficial item, but it will aid in helping to relax the mind and will keep a persons thoughts focused.

These spoons are not only easily made but will last many years. Not to mention a possible souvenir. And perhaps a reminder of an experience that not many people have. Try to build this spoon, I believe you will find it enjoyable and very gratifying.

Sleeping bags

A sleeping bag is our personal micro shelter. It has the ability to provide wind protection and offer a snug warm bed and a good night’s rest–that is of course, depending on whether you are using the correct bag for the temperatures your are in. Keep in mind, a sleeping bag does not act as a heater, it simply has the ability to trap and retain the heat radiated by our bodies. Many factors will determine the appropriate bag for individual use. Obviously the type and amount of insulation material is a primary concern when choosing a bag. The type of insulation used will determine its climate use. It’s ability to dry rapidly and compresses easily are factors that must be considered. Down has been considered the ultimate insulation of choice by mountaineers for years. Mountaineers can use down because the areas they operate in are dry. Cold yet very dry.

Many backpackers also prefer down. It has the ability to loft quickly and maintain its loft for many years. It is lightweight and will compress into a very small bundle for carrying. The single most negative quality of down is its ability to absorb moisture. Once wet or moist it can take a very long time to dry again. Bottom line is, wet down has zero insulation properties. I have used down for many years. I love it. I have never encountered a problem with a damp sleeping bag. Several companies are making the outer shell material from waterproof, windproof, and breathable fabrics. If this is an option when purchasing a sleeping bag, then by all means do so. Cheap sleeping bags will not get the job done. You may encounter a situation where staying in a bag for an extended period of time may be necessary. Never cut corners when purchasing a bag. A good quality down filled bag will last many years. There are currently many synthetic filled sleeping bags on the market. These modern synthetic bags are reasonably price and offer a long list of excellent qualities.

The biggest drawbacks are their weight and lack of compressibility when carrying on a backpack. On the positive side, they are moisture resistant and may be purchased with same shell fabrics as expensive down sleeping bags. When purchasing a sleeping bag choose a darker color for the outer shell. It has the ability to absorb the sun’s solar energy and will aid in quicker drying times. Always purchase a sleeping bag with a good hood, draft tubes and shoulder collar. The hood will be greatly appreciated when air temperatures plummet. Draft tubes run the internal length of the sleeping bag alongside the zipper. Their purpose is to prevent heat loss thru zipper and prevent drafts from penetrating bag. The shoulder collar or muff is designed to cinch around neck and prevent heat loss thru top of bag. This is a big positive when outside temps is low. All sleeping bags are not created equal.

Unfortunately there is not a usable scale to compare one brand to another. ALWAYS use a sleeping pad under a bag. The cold ground will strip your heat quickly. Avoid air mattress use in cold environments. Air mattresses do not offer adequate insulation from ground. Each time you move the air in mattress moves redistributing cold air internally. I prefer the self-inflating foam core sleeping pads. They offer comfort and tremendous insulation. Buy one. Also offered is the dense closed cell foam sleeping pads. These are excellent. They do not offer the comfort of a self inflating foam core pad, but are much lighter and considerably less expensive. If you choose to purchase, or already own a sleeping bag that does not have a water repellant shell, consider purchasing a cover. Some are reasonably priced while others are designed for extremely harsh conditions and are priced accordingly. Above all, remember the heat our bodies create is dependent on a fuel source; food is our fuel source. Stay fed and hydrated and your furnace will continue to put out heat. Any questions you may have about sleeping bags, I will happily answer for you. Just email me with your question and I will promptly reply. Check out the list of web sites below if you are in the market for a new sleeping bag. This list is made up of what I consider to be the best there is in sleeping bags. List is in alphabetical order.

Survival knives

It seems that when we hear the words survival knife. We conjure up mental images of huge razor sharp Bowie knives. These mental images may even include large fierce looking saw teeth on top edge of knife blade. While larger knives will always require less time and energy to perform most survival related tasks, they are by no means the only style of knife to use. Many knives that are considerably smaller may accomplish a wide variety of survival related tasks. It is therefore a mistake not to include a good pocket knife in your survival equipment. Small tasks, such as cleaning fish or game are accomplished easily with a small sharp pocket knife. Try peeling an apple with a ten inch Bowie knife, and you will soon understand what I am saying here.

The Large Bowie style knives shown in above photographs are handmade and extremely strong. These large knives will make many hard to do tasks much easier. I personally feel that any knife that is to be used in a survival role should have a blade length of 6 inches minimum and a maximum blade length of close to ten inches. I realize there are many excellent knives on the market with blades in excess of ten inches. If such a knife interests you, then by al means purchase it. When considering the purchase of a knife, try to stay with models that have full tags. A full tang knife is simply constructed as one piece of steel from tip of blade to end of handle butt. This knife will normally have handle slabs bolted or riveted to the tang. This type of knife is very strong. Hollow handle knives are not my cup of tea. This type of knife was very popular a few years back, when many believed you could carry enough supplies in the handle to keep one alive in the wilderness indefinitely. For the most part hollow handle knives lack the strength to handle prolonged abuse. There are exceptions to this rule of course. I know of at least one manufacture that creates his knives from a solid single piece of steel. These knives are a work of art. I suspect I will get a bushel of email telling me how wrong I am on this subject.

Another consideration should be saw blade teeth found on many survival knives. While these teeth appear as though they are capable of cutting anything into two pieces, most simply do not work well. They knife industry is saturated with this type of knife. I have found the small Swiss army knives to have excellent saws, including an assortment of other useful tools. These small saws actually do work, very well in fact. They are perfect for building snares and a wide variety of other survival requirements and tasks. When purchasing a new knife, your decision may quickly become clouded and very confusing. Especially with the wide selection of steels that are available today. Many of us have heard stories concerning the difficulty in sharpening a knife made of stainless steel. I find that this notion is total nonsense and not a problem anymore. The new breed of diamond sharpeners will do a superb job of restoring a knife to razor edge sharpness, plus they are very durable and will last many years. Ceramic knife sharpeners are also an excellent choice. These ceramic sharpeners will last a lifetime and work very well. When the pores become clogged with metal, they are easily cleaned with scouring powder and running water. I own many knives made with various types of steels. I find each of them performs very well. whether the blade is made of some exotic combination of steel or plain old carbon steel, they all perform the same function, they simply cut.

One of my favorite knives is manufactured by a company that offers a video demonstrating the effectiveness of their product line. I own one of their large knives, and it not only cuts well but edge retention is simply amazing. I like this knife very much. There are many other companies that offer outstanding and high quality knives at very reasonable prices. I feel there is no reason in this day and age to not own a superior quality knife. Many custom made knives are very good, although the prices for hand crafted knives may seem a little high for some wallets. You must keep in mind these are hand crafted and require considerable effort and skill to make. These knives shown in accompanying photographs are all handmade. These knives have been hand forged using a coal fire forge, anvil and hammer. Plus many hours of sweat and hard work. These knives may or may not be better than many manufactured by large companies. One of the benefits of owning a handmade custom knife is pretty simple. It will be the only one of its kind in the world. They may be similar knives but each will be different. Regardless of which type of knife you choose to own, always purchase the best you can for the amount of funds you are able to spend. Above all, try to avoid tricky or gimmick knives and included items. Always avoid any knives that are questionable. If even slightly in doubt, avoid purchasing the knife.

I recommend taping a pouch to the sheath. This small pouch when taped to the sheath will allow you to carry a considerable amount of survival related equipment. Far more in fact then could ever be carried in a hollow handle. I recommend avoiding double edged knives as survival tools. Double edged knives make far better weapons than tools. Plus the likelihood of an accident is greatly reduced. Many knives come with a false top edge. Which is merely an unsharpened top edge. This reduces weight, enhances cosmetics and may be easily sharpened if so desired.

Handle design and material are critical. The design of the handle must be comfortable enough to be used on a long term basis without creating blisters. I feel that knives with round handles tend to roll in the hand when using them for heavy chopping, such as shelter building. Even though the knife may be of top quality, they can still be a problem. The old style coffin handles are very comfortable. They do not roll in the hand and they do not slip. Many come with synthetic handles and are resistant to numerous chemicals, plus they will not slip even when wet. Above all never select a knife because a friend has one like it, or it is just plain “cool” to look at. If I were to do such a thing, I would own hundreds of cool looking knives. Consider the knife a tool foremost and keep it sharp, clean and well oiled. If you do these things, the knife will last you many years. Who knows it may even save your life one day.

Pemmican

Pemmican is a combination of ingredients that offer a very good and long lasting food source. There are many recipes for pemmican, but the original, and still the best, was used by Native Americans for generations. To make real pemmican you need to start with very dry jerky, rendered fat, and dried blueberries, blackberries or raspberries. First step is to render the fat; this is very easy to do. Cut fat into small pieces and heat in a skillet until juice is released from the fat. Discard the chunks. Pour the rendered fat juice into glass jar and let cool for later use. Second step is to use beef or deer jerky, or any lean meat such as elk, moose, bear etc. The meat should be very dry. Begin by cutting the dry jerky into small pieces and pound until thoroughly pulverized. Next put pulverized jerky into a bowl. Now mix in the rendered fat using even proportions of jerky with the rendered fat juice. Be sure to mix thoroughly. This mixture should have the consistency of sausage. If not, add dried jerky until the mixture takes on the feel that you would like. Now you can add dried berries at this point if so desired. Be sure to mix berries in well, always making sure to maintain sausage consistency. After taking on the texture that you prefer, roll into small balls about the size of large marbles. This is a high level and nutritious food. The Native Americans would use Pemmican as a long lasting and nutritious staple on long hunting trips and war parties. Be sure to store in plastic baggies and freeze until needed.

A modern day version of an old recipe that some may find a little more palatable:

5 oz. dried, crushed beef
1 1/2 cups of raisins
1 3/4 cups of chopped nuts, peanuts, cashews, or nuts of your choice
1 cup of dried fruits–apples, peaches, dates, apricots, or whatever you want
2 1/2 Tbsp. honey
2 Tbsp. peanut butter

Put dried, crushed beef in mixing bowl. Add raisin, nuts, and fruits. Mix well. In sauce pan, slowly heat honey and peanut butter until the melt together. Stir. Mix with dry ingredients in the bowl. Roll into balls. Put into baggie.

Bushcraft Knives – Buying the Best

If you intend to truly experience the nature of a genuine hunt, to track animals through the wilderness for days and experience the thrill of adrenaline as your hunt comes to a climax, you need to go prepared. Being prepared means having the right kit. If you are going to be hacking through the undergrowth, building your own fires, killing, skinning and cooking your own food, you need a tool that is up to the job.

Bushcraft knives and multitools are a hunter’s best friend. A bushcraft knife needs to be able to do a multitude of things. You can use it to get past otherwise un-passable obstacles, gut a fish, make a shelter and, if you were to find yourself in the unfortunate position of needing to, you can use it to defend yourself. With this in mind, you want a tool that is sturdy, hardwearing and most of all, reliable. This is not the time to go cheap and save a few pennies.

The best bushcraft knives are somewhere between 3.5 and 6 inches long. Any shorter and it’s useless, longer and you are looking at risking blade breakages and injuring yourself if you use it for smaller more delicate job. It’s all about the balance. Whilst most jobs can be done with a decent knife, the variety of multitools on the market today mean you can have a miniature saw, a pair of pliers, a can opener (let’s face it – berries, nuts and small dead animals are not for everyone) and a whole host of other useful tools at your finger tips. Of course, the multitool is not for the purist bushcrafter but it has a time and a place in the hunting world. Whatever tool you choose to go for, make sure it is high quality, that it covers your needs and that you keep it sharp, safe and close to hand!

Hunting – The Ultimate animal Guide

Bear Hunting

The first step you are going to take on your hunting adventure is the preparation portion. When you have all of the equipment that you need and have the essential items that it takes, you are much more likely to succeed and bring home your trophy. The first thing you should do in getting prepared is figure out where it is that you are going to be hunting. Once you figure out where you want to hunt, the next step in the process is to make sure you have the licenses and permits required by the state government department of wildlife.

Then comes the part where you start to get your equipment together. Please keep in mind, you probably won’t get a bear on your first trip, and your chances are even less on your first day. It is important to show patience throughout the process. That being said, you usually want your trip to last at least 7 days. That way you have plenty of time to give it a try. Then you have to think about shelter, which means camping gear unless you will be staying in a cabin or even a hotel. You can also find most of the general required hunting gear to have success through a variety of online resources or by asking someone that has already gone.

We HighlyRecommend Bringing Bear Repellent Defense Pepper Spray along with you during any bear hunt.

Getting To Know the Bears

Most people are under the assumption that a bear is going to spring into action and attack them if they have never been hunting before. While they do have instinct to survive, most of the time they are going to run away in order to preserve their survival. This is why you really have to be patient and be prepared for extremely long periods of waiting for anything to happen. Learning how to not move and sit in that perfect position is a hard task, but can be perfected over time. Although bears might not have the best sight in the world, they do have a very good sense of smell. This means you will have to be sure you don’t have anything that is unnatural on your person, like cologne or shampoo or anything like that.

The knowledge of the habits that a bear has is very helpful as well. Bears will generally feed at the same spot more than once, that is unless they feel like they are in danger at that location. Insects, fish, and vegetation are going to be the bulk of the bear’s diet, which means you can scout the locations in which a bear is likely to use for a source of food. When you know when a bear is going to eat and what it is going to eat, you already have put yourself in a much better position to see success.

The Right Bear Hunting Spot

Once you have located a few positions that you think are going to be right, you want to try and lay out a bait station in that area. This means that you won’t be shooting the first day, you will come back and see which stations have been eaten by bears and have tracks. Then you will come back the next day and lay out that same bait station again, and this time you will be there waiting. If you are not setting up bait stations you can simply try and look for areas that you have seen evidence of bear tracks, then set up a spot in which you will be up in a tree and have a good view that is not obstructed around you. You also want to be downwind from the area that you are targeting, that way the bear won’t catch your scent.

When The Bear Shows Up

The first time you see a bear approach, you want to be sure that you stay as still as possible. Most people’s first reaction is to grab their gun, which would be wrong. You want to use your binoculars to look at the bear, and make sure that it is a bear and that it’s not another hunter. Then you want to make sure that it isn’t a female bear. Then you want to estimate the size of the bear and make sure it is what you are looking for. If it is, the next step would be to grab and raise your gun or bow, but only when the bear isn’t looking at you. You have to be calm during all of this and doing it slowly as to not spook the bear.

After all of that, you are ready to take your shot at the bear. But, you have to know where to shoot it first. You want to hit it in one of the organs that are vital, which means the heart, lungs, or liver. A vital shot is really the only way to go, as it is the quickest death for the bear and is the most humane. Even when you get a vital shot, you still have to track the bear after. They will not die right away, and it could take a while.

After You Get the Kill

The most important thing after bagging and possibly skinning the bear is to make sure you follow the CDC’s Game Safety guidelines that are put in place. This will ensure that you don’t run into food borne illness or infectious blood transfer. Then you need to report your catch to the proper state channel in order for them to track the population of the bears in the area.

Red Stag Hunting

Did you know that red deer are the largest wild animals in the country? Well it’s true. The mature stag can get as tall as four feet at the shoulders and can weigh around three hundred pounds. They are famous for their antlers that grow to be magnificent on the stag, and they are a very proud creature to say the least. If the antlers are more than thirty five inches, that is considered a good head. You can catch hunters referring to them by a point system, and that simply means the number of spikes on the antler. You might hear someone call one a ten pointer or something like that.

What About A Twelve Pointer?

A twelve pointer, also known as a royal, has three on top, trez, bay, and brow. At the base of the antler you will find the brow tine branching out, the bay and the trez are a little higher than the brow, and the top will usually consist of at least three different spikes. People often ask me to tell them what is considered a point and what is not, but it really is so simple that they laugh. There is an old rule that simply states if you can hang your binoculars on it, it counts as a point. It is a funny way of putting it, but it is still efficient none-the-less.

How Many Points Can They Get To?

Fourteen points is usually the most you are going to see on feral deer, although you may be able to find more on those that are in captivity. There are a few in parks around the nation that have twenty eight points. Deer shed their antlers once every year, which usually ends up being in March or April. By the time the end of July usually roles around, they are already back to the fully matured antlers. When the antlers are growing they are covered with a velvet like substance and they are soft, but by the time they are matured that substance falls off and they are left with the hard relentless antlers.

All About the Rut

The peak of the rut is usually going to be between September and October, depending on where you are hunting. This is when the stag is going to be attempting to get as many hinds as they can. Not only are they going to be busy with that, but they also have to serve those that are in the harem. Not to mention they have to fight off other males and find food as well. This is also when the stag is going to have a vocal presence, when they are challenging other males to a dual of strength. People usually think that this is some big scene where the males fight to the death, where usually it is just two of them sizing each other up, locking horns, and then finally one of them gives up and walks away.

Other Facts about Red Stag

The fawns tend to be born in June, and there are rarely ever twins. By the time Christmas roles around, you will barely start to be able to see the growth of antlers show up. Those won’t mature into full antlers that are proper until the second year has come around. Many people aren’t aware of the coolest fact about the red deer, which is that they can pretty much adapt to any situation and surroundings. They always have a lot of success on the farms that don’t have browse, but the grass tends to be plentiful.

Waterfowl Hunting

Waterfowl Hunting really has become one of the most popular ways to hunt, and that is mostly due to the challenge and variety that it offers. It doesn’t matter if you are hunting turkeys or you are hunting one of the smaller game birds, you are going to find something that you like out of it. It can be hard learning what to do in certain situations and training yourself to be ready for each scenario, but with a few tips and a little practice you should be ready in no time at all.

Practice Waterfowl Hunting In the Preseason

Clay pigeons are a great way to get some practice in before you actually get in to hunting season, and is a method of training used by many hunters. It really will give you the best practice with your shotgun, and will teach you where to shoot each bird and how you can improve whether it is a falling bird or a rising bird. Not only will you be working on your shot, but you will also be working on things like reloading and speeding up your process. It is basically going to be as close as you can get to the real thing and offers the best chance at improvement.

Scouting In the Preseason

One of the first major things you should be tackling before you hunt is the information about the bird that you are going to be hunting. Find out everything you can about them. Things like what they eat, where they are hiding, and when they might be in a particular area. If you know where a bird is most likely going to be, it is going to make things a lot easier when it comes time to hunt. Then you can scout that area and look for places that you can hide yourself and be ready for when the birds do come out during hunting season.

A Good Hunting Dog

Having a well-trained dog working with you is going to make things a lot easier on you. Often times birds will just stay hidden and try and wait out the hunter, but when you have a dog that is trained to flush them out the bird no longer has that option. The dog can also be a good option for the retrieval of birds that have been downed, as they really have a keen sense of smell and will be able to track the bird quickly.

Clothing & Decoys

The clothing that you wear on the day that you go hunting is also going to play a big role in the success that you have. You need something that has you blend in with your surroundings, since the birds will be able to spot you otherwise while they are in the air. If you are one of those hunters that uses decoys, you want to make sure that your decoy is set up correctly and that it plays its part as well. They have to look natural to be successful.

The Right Shotgun for Waterfowl Hunting

Being able to know which shotgun is going to work for which birds is a good place to start. There may be situations that call for the 12 gauge, or situations that call for the 20 gauge, or one of the other less common choices. Then you want to work on shooting, which should take one motion to swing your shotgun towards the game and then mount in on your shoulder. You want the muzzle to be below the flight line that the birds are going to take, that way it won’t ruin your view of the birds.

Be aware that shotguns do have a pattern that spreads, which means you will have some room for error, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t still take your time and focus. You may also have hit a bird that is still flying and that is why it is important to watch the birds as long as you can. Sometimes birds that get hit will still be able to fly off for a while and then finally come down. A lot of hunters aren’t patient and lose the bird because they simply weren’t watching.

Moose

The moose (Alces Alces) is the largest member of the deer family (Cervidae), which also includes deer, elk, and caribou. However they have several distinctly different characteristics, which are described below.
Physical Characteristics

Male moose, or bulls, are notable for their very large and impressive paddle-shaped antler configurations, unlike any other deer in North America. They are big, somewhat awkward looking animals perhaps more known for their long legs and droopy, overhanging noses.

Moose are impressive animals simply for their overall body size. Mature bulls have been known to reach shoulder heights of over 7 feet tall and weigh as much as 1800 pounds. All moose have a large flap of skin, called a dewlap or bell, dangling from underneath their chin. A very unique and interesting bodily feature, biologists are still not certain as to what purpose this dewlap serves.

The body color of a moose will typically vary slightly between a brown to a dark blackish-brown depending upon the season; with the legs being a lighter color than the rest of their body, sometimes almost completely white.

Habitat of the Moose

Moose typically dwell in brushy, forested areas that offer plenty of cover. Flourishing brushy areas near lakes, ponds, or other sources of water are ideal. They prefer to stay near these lush green areas in summer as it helps them to regulate their body temperatures. Moose can be spotted both in elevated timber forests on mountainsides and brushy, marsh lowlands in valleys and drainages.

Diet

Moose feed on many different types of plant life. At times they can be seen in or near lakes and ponds munching on aquatic plants, and other times they may nibble on green leaves, shrubs, and buds off trees in the earlier parts of the year. When moose are hunted during the fall, their diet consists more of woody brush, twigs, and bark off of willow, birch, and aspen trees. This is often referred to as Browse.

Reproduction

The moose breeding season, or rut, typically begins around mid-September and continues until mid-October. It is at this time that mature bulls will become very territorial and aggressive towards bulls as they compete for attention from the females, also called cows. Bulls can often be observed raking and destroying brushy shrubs or trees with their antlers in incredible expressions of dominance towards other moose.

During the rut, both bulls and cows are very vocal. Bulls have deep, guttural grunt they use to assert their presence and call to the cows. Cows, in their desire to mate, will let out loud, nasally moans in an attempt to get a bulls attention. Because of the flurry of activity that occurs during rut, this is one of the best and most exciting times in which to hunt moose.

Baby moose, or calves, are born the following spring. A mother moose will usually give birth to one, two, or even three calves. Three calves are rare, but two at a time are not uncommon. At birth each calf will weight about 30lbs, and will grow very rapidly gaining as much as 2 lbs a day. The calves will usually remain with their mother until they are about 1 ½ years old.

Whitetail Deer

-If the temperature lowers to under ten degrees Fahrenheit, the whitetail deer will usually move during midday.

-Those bucks that are well nourished are going to sprout new racks starting in April. There antlers can grow up to half an inch every day.

-The big ears that are found on a deer can spin up to 180 degrees in order to pick up sounds.

-Before the molting process is complete for the whitetail deer, they are going to have taken months to finish it. Their coats change from to auburn by the time late summer comes around.

-Those that hunt during the month of October will see a coat change as well, it will turn grey after being red. It usually only takes a couple of weeks at the maximum for this change to take place.

-In the winter, the whitetail’s hair appears to be a greyish-blue color. Then during autumn new hair is going to be mixed in, which basically adds insulation. The points of this hair that grows in are dark, which gives a nice hue to the whitetail.

-Even after a human has left the woods, a deer can still pick up their scent days later. If bucks do happen to pick up a human scent, they will often avoid that area for weeks even.

-Bucks are able to detect danger while they are in bed by laying on their side and having themselves face downwind. This allows them to pretty much use all of their senses to know when trouble is coming.

-Deer are some of the best swimmers you can find, sometimes swimming across water at ten miles per hour. They can often be frightened into water and swim away.

-Some times you can find deer tracks from strides as far as twenty five feet apart, because of their huge stride.

Buffalo Hunting

This is really a sport that the true sportsmen really want to try at least once in their lives, mainly because of the size of the animal and the challenge that it represents. Not to mention the fact that you are hunting one of the most iconic animals in our history as well. However it is not found just anywhere, and is really limited to certain parts of North America. There are companies out there that can help you plan your trip to one of those areas that has them, and then you can finally get the trophy of a lifetime.

Where In the United States Can I Hunt Buffalo?

You can only hunt the American Bison and Buffalo in three states in the United States, they include Alaska, Utah, and Arizona. There may be other states that allow it in certain situations, but those three states are the only ones that will allow hunting of these animals for sport. There are also a few provinces in Canada that allow for the hunting as well that might be worth a look as well. They include Alberta, British Columbia, the Northwest Territory, Saskatchewan, and finally Yukon.

Information About Them and Their Habitat

Buffalo isn’t very specific and in fact it is a common name that is used to describe many large wild oxen. The name buffalo was first given to the black water buffalo in India. This animal was given this name because of its size and the way that it would just lay around in pools of water for several hours at a time. The water buffalo can indeed be dangerous in its wild state. In the warmer parts of Africa and Asia you can find the buffalo tame and working for the people that tamed them.

There is a buffalo that is small and black that lives in forests that are dense and that can be found in Mindoro, which is an island in the Philippines. It is unique because it only stands three and a half feet in height. It also has horns that are going to first point upward, and then they point backward. There is also the anoa, which is an even smaller forest buffalo, can be found in the East Indian island called Celebes. The color of this buffalo can range from black to brown, and the horns are straight.

You can also find wild buffaloes in Africa as well. A large black buffalo known as the Cape Buffalo can be found in in South Africa and has a temper that nearly matches that of the Indian Buffalo. It is also like the Indian Buffalo in many other ways as well, but the only major difference is that the Cape Buffalo has never been tamed. Another difference is that the Cape Buffalo has shorter horns, and the horns also come in a different shape. They look like they have more of a helmet on their head. Another buffalo of the wild variety that inhabits Central Africa and Western Africa in certain areas is the relative of the Cape Buffalo. It is also very short as well.

The American Bison (Buffalo)

Most of the people in America simply refer to the American Bison as the American Buffalo, although that is not really true at all. Zoologists do not consider it to be a buffalo, and so the correct term for it is an American Bison. Not like the other buffaloes that were described in the previous section, this bison has a large neck, along with a large head and has shoulders that are humped. The rib count also comes out to 14 pairs, rather than the 13 of the true buffalo.

The American Bison is going to be blackish-brown nearly everywhere except the hind area of the body, which is going to be more of just a brown color. They have long hair that is going to cover their hump, head, and neck. They also look like they have a beard around the chin and the throat. They have horns that look just like a domestic male would, but theirs are much larger. There are even some horns on some of them that are going to be wider than 30 inches at the peak between horns. The wider the space between the horns at the peak, the better trophy it is going to make.

The bison is an animal that will be social with a herd, and the cows and the bulls both graze together the entire year. A new calf is usually born in May or June. The lead bull of the heard is the one that usually takes on the protection duty of the mother and her new calf. Bison have the ability to mate when they are just three years old, even though they are not fully grown another five years after that. There have been some extreme situations in which a bison has lived more than thirty years. They are not trainable as well due to their short tempers.

They are going to feed mostly on a few small plants and grass, with grass making up the majority of their diet. There have been some ranchers and breeders that have tried to create a hybrid between a domestic cow and an American Bison, and the result really hasn’t lived up to the hype. So, they have all but stopped doing this and just focused on other things.

Tips for Hunting Buffalo/Bison

These are just some basic tips that will really help you when hunting anything, and it is best to ask your guide or an expert for more information on this type of hunting.

  • Please remember to be aware of what the weather conditions are going to be like for that particular area. I can’t tell you the number of people that were unprepared the last time I went, it was pretty ridiculous.
  • Never, I mean NEVER, hunt all by yourself. You need to have at least one partner that can help if something goes wrong.
  • When you are climbing up something or just aren’t using your weapon, unload it or unchamber it. There is no need to give yourself a chance to hurt yourself or those around you.
  • Some of the hunting trips can take a long time, and it is important that you stay hydrated throughout the process. Take as much water as you can with you.
  • Please don’t consume alcohol while you are hunting. It can lead to dangerous situations for yourself and those around you.

Make 100% sure that the animal you shoot is dead before you walk up to it. If the bison or buffalo is not dead, it can do a lot of damage to you with a charge. Usually your guide or whoever you are with will carry a small handgun should they need to shoot it once more to down the animal.

Real Life American Sniper Simulation with the Real Tools

People will always want something that is out of the ordinary. And when most people would want the same thing, it would not be so ordinary; it would be a fad. One of the things that went through this process is the sniper and gun addiction of many people. They may not be shooting these high end guns to other people but they still want them for display or for the sake of having a big boy toy. This is even amplified by certain movies such as Saving Private Ryan and American Sniper. Because of this a lot more people went shopping with these big guns on top of their lists. There is nothing bad about it as long as they have the right license to carry the guns and they are responsible enough to use them.

Some people actually have hobbies that will require guns like hunting and shooting games which are usually done in shooting ranges. These hobbies are legal and they can be done in almost any part of the world. And just like any hobby, these people are spending a lot of money for these hobbies. For these people, the enjoyment they are having with these kinds of hobbies is much more valuable compared to the money that they are spending so it is all worth it.

Sniper_Rifles_M40_XM21

Equipment

The equipment that is being used in this hobby is not limited to the gun only. They are also using several high end devices to make themselves a lot more accurate and a lot more powerful. This may be in a form of competition or a simple past time but it doesn’t matter. All they want is to be better at what they do.

One of the devices that get a lot of attention is sniper scopes. These are the tools that they are looking at in order to close up their sight at the target. The best snipers are using these ones in a very accurate manner. Their deadly precision is the one that marked their name on the pages of history forever. This is the reason why a good sniper scope is very important.

Specifications

There are a lot of sniper scopes available in the market. These ones have different prices, different specifications and features that may vary from one brand to another or one model from the other. These specifications are the ones that every expert is looking at in order for them to find the best model and the best brand.

There are several specifications that can be mentioned in when we are talking about sniper scopes.

  • The first one will always be magnification level. This is the specification that will tell you how near you would see once you look into the scope. This is very important for snipers because this can affect their precision and accuracy. The level of magnification may vary from one brand to another. And the good news is that there are so many brands and models available to give the users so many choices. This will allow them to find the one that will fit their needs. Some of these best rifle scopes can even have an adjustable magnification level for better precision.
  • Large guns will need larger sniper scopes because of their ability to shoot long range bullets. This will help the shooter guide the bullet towards the target without ever worrying about the mistakes he can make during the shooting.
  • Objective Lens Diameter is also very important. This is the part that will dictate how much light will enter the scope. Larger scopes will allow more light into the tube so he picture that is magnified will be a lot clearer. It will also be a lot lighter and sharper. The only downside with the large scopes is that they tend to be really heavy. This will complicate the aiming and the shooting. For expert shooters however, this may not be a problem.
  • Lens quality is something that should not leave the list because this does not only dictate the clarity or the sharpness of the image but also the durability of the glass. We have to understand that we are talking about high powered guns that can target miles from the shooing point. Its power can destroy not just glass but also stronger materials such as concrete and metal plating. The glass should be strong enough to hold high levels of pressure and shock. The installation should also be strong enough to keep the glass in place.

sniperrifle

Standards

The quality of a scope can also be measured on how it followed the standards. The reticle is one of the most important parts of every standard issue scope. The reticles are the marks that you can see on the glass. These ones are not just placed on an assumed location on the glass. They have to be imprinted in the most accurate way so that the shooter will be able to bring out the best in that particular gun. There are other factors which may include safety checks and others.

Checking for Updates

These things may also be subjected to certain upgrades. Of course we cannot make the perfect equipment so they would have to be changed once a better model comes out. The good news is that it is very easy to check if there are certain upgrades in the equipment that are now available in stores. All you have to do is to check the internet and type in any keyword that you want, and it will be there right in front of you.

You can also buy these things through the internet. This will make things easier for you since you will be able to get the thing that you want without even going out of the house. However, you should be careful because the internet is the house of misconception and lies. Make sure that you are buying from a reputable seller to avoid any delays or even fraud. The best thing to do is to read reviews about the product and the seller so you will have some kind of assurance.

Survivorman vs Man vs Wild

Funny, I was thinking about these two shows and the difference between Survivorman and Man vs Wild when I saw someone mentioned Les Stroud and Bear Grylls in the comment section of the Alaska Experiment post.

I like both Survivorman and Man vs Wild.

Bear Grylls and Man vs Wild

Any way you cut it, Bear Grylls is one tough hombre. Ex British Special Forces and climbed Mount Everest when he was 23. One of the youngest Brits to do so. That’s after he broke his back in a training exercise with the British Special Forces.

The main reason I watch Bear Grylls and Man vs Wild is for entertainment. Just watching his facial expressions when eating something disgusting sends me over the edge laughing my butt off. Or some of the stuff he tries that doesn’t work, like building a bamboo ladder to get across that Ecuadoran river. He pushes it over and when it hits the other side it busted to pieces. That was too funny.

I do pick up some survival tips from his show although they are few and far between.

Bear has been criticized for staging some of the scenes in his show. Personally, I don’t know a “reality” type show out there that doesn’t have staged scenes and that includes “Deadliest Catch”.

So what if he slept in a motel or at camp. It’s obvious if you watch the show the dude doesn’t get into all those situations on a 7 day outing.

I do think he’s a bit dramatic. I mean, I don’t think there was a real reason to strip off all his clothes and swim that Siberian river in the dead of Winter. I also don’t think it’s necessary to show him eating everything he comes across raw. But I do understand that this creates buzz which creates viewers who tune in to see what he’s going to eat next.

Here are some Bear Grylls truisms I just love. All done with that British accent while making a grimace.

  • “God that’s horrible”
  • “I have no idea what this is going to taste like”
  • “It’s like an explosion of puss in my mouth”
  • “It taste like a Sausage casing filled with baby poop”

I also laugh at the way he says “Vitamins”. It’s more like “Vetimens”.

Les Stroud Survivorman

To me, Les Stroud is more like the average Joe. There’s no doubt he could not win an endurance or physical test against Bear Grylls. The dude just doesn’t have enough lead in his pants! But I bet both could get out alive if they got lost in Montana hunting Elk. And at the end of the day when you’re lost in the woods, that’s what counts.

Survivorman is a lot more dramatic than Man vs Wild if you ask me. Take for example the episode I watched today with Les on the African Plains. If he said “Black Mamba” once, he must have said it a hundred or more times! Black Mamba this, Black Mamba that…

Geez, okay Les, we get it, there are snakes in the grass!

I also like the fact that Les pretty much cooks most of his food. That’s a plus for me. I’m not sure how many of us would eat a Yak’s eye raw or a giant grub worm raw.

I also like the fact that Les Stroud tapes his episodes himself. Not that I have anything against taking a camera crew along like Bear Grylls does. We get to see a lot more stunts out of Bear because of the Camera crew. Makes you wonder what you’re missing on Survivorman.

Les also takes along things that a normal person would and employs them in his week long survival outing. Some of the stuff he makes is pretty crude and I wonder if it would work, but none the less, he does go about trying to show us how to use what we have. After watching him smash up an old VCR camera, I knew then what I needed to do with my old RCA Video camera!

It’s TV, Don’t Take It Serious Dude!

As I said earlier, both these shows are over the top in one way or another. I think most of us who spend any amount of time in the woods put more in our “Survival kit” than these two guys do. I’ve never seen either one whip out fishing line, hook or sinker. Or even aluminum foil!

The people I know carry enough things in their Survival kits to get them through if they get lost, plus most know how to use the kit. Even if I’m hunting or fishing close by, I always carry a little pouch with waterproof matches and some line and other goodies to help me if I have to spend a night in the woods. You just never know!

As for the two shows above, remember, at the end of the day it’s still TV and they can edit a lot for a show. Don’t take either one very serious, they’re meant for entertainment and selling commercials.

If you want to learn real Survival skills, join one of those Survival Schools. If you want to sit back and be entertained, watch Survivorman and Man vs Wild!

Where Have All Our Outdoor Olympians Gone?

First off, before I get started ranting, I want to say a big ole CONGRATULATIONS to the U.S. Women’s Shooting Olympian, Corey Cogdell for bringing home the Bronze Metal in the Womens Trap event.

Now, back to ranting.

You know what is missing in the Olympics nearly every year? More Medal winners in the Archery and Shootingevents!

I mean, c’mon, are we not a “Nation of Riflemen”? Don’t you think that a Nation of Riflemen could produce Olympians who could bring home Medals from the Olympics in the Shooting and Archery fields?

I’m looking over one of today’s (day 4) Shooting event, the Men’s 50 Meter Pistol and the nearest U.S. competitor is #14.

All is not lost, there are several more competitions coming up. There is still the Women’s 50 meter Standard Rifle, Women’s 25 meter Sport Pistol, Men’s 50 meter Free Rifle Prone, Men’s 25 meter Rapid Fire Pistol and the Men’s 50 meter Free Rifle 3 Position. I’m hoping we can at least get one of those Medals!

Archery isn’t much better when it comes down to the Olympics. Geez, does anyone shoot targets any more? Where are all these so called Hot Shot 3D Tournament shooters when you need them? Apparently shooting one of those big ole Round targets is harder than shooting foam animals.

Can anyone remember the last time we won a Medal in either sport? Seems like I remember us winning one at Atlanta in the Shooting Sports, but I could be wrong.

You want to know why we don’t have more Medal winners in the Outdoor Sports like Archery and Shooting?

Money

Plain ole greedy Money.

For some reason, the TV Networks and the Olympic Committee do not consider Archery and Shooting as a huge money-pulling crowd pleaser. So they only air the “pretty” competitions like Swimming, Gymnastics, Tennis and Volleyball.

Don’t get me wrong, I like the Beach Volleyball and Swimming,  but I’d rather be watching our Men and Women beating the world in Shooting events and Archery!

But the Networks will never cover it because the crowds would get restless! Plus, it’s not Politically Correct to show the Shooting and Archery sports in a positive light.

You know another reason we don’t have the Olympians in the shooting sports like the Countries of Belarus, China and Korea? (can anyone find Belarus on a Globe)?

Because our Olympians are not supported by the U.S. Government.

In countries like China, Cuba and others, the government of those countries support the athletes (and their families in many cases) while they train and compete.

Not so here in the U.S.

Not only do they support them financially, but most of these countries also provide them the best equipment and trainers money can buy.

Our athletes must support their self if they hope to compete.

Sure, there are corporate sponsors and private donations. There’s also some fundraising. But all this still takes energy away from training.

By the way, just a ADD side-note here…isn’t it ironic that some of the more successful countries with successful Shooting programs in the Olympics are also some that have the strictest gun laws? ie; China, Japan, Korea…

Now don’t get me wrong, I really love all our Men and Women who are competing for our country. I love watching the Swimming Team kick the Frenchy French’s butts the other night after the French said they would “crush the Americans”. Yeah, how well did that work out for ya Frenchy?

And two of the proudest moments that I was an American came when the underdog U.S Hockey Team beat the Russians in Hockey and when Kerri Strugg stuck that one legged landing in Women’s Gymnastics to beat the Russians in Atlanta. As it turned out, they would have won anyway, but at the time it was so close that it was thought that Kerri had to do well in order for the Women to take home the Gold.  Hell, some of the toughest and roughest Rednecks I knew had tears of pride after watching that.

I also know our Men and Women in the Shooting and Archery sports are dedicated and athletes every bit as much as anyone on any other Olympic team.

But I still feel more could be done.

For one thing, all of us should contribute something to the U.S. Shooting Team or U.S. Archery teams.

But Corporate and Private sponsors need to really step up to help our athletes out. I just looked at the Sponsors page on the U.S. Shooting Team’s website and was shocked that I didn’t find Corporate sponsors like Cabela’s, Bass Pro, Remington, Savage Arms, Wal-Mart and many other Corporations who make money by selling Sporting Goods. Perhaps as Consumers we need to let these companies know we expect them to support our Shooting athletes as well?

The TV Networks could also help out by giving the Shooting and Archery competitions some freakin’ airtime!

Okay, I really need to wrap this up because I’m only getting more and more upset thinking about it!

We can all do our part as U.S. Citizens by donating to the U.S. Shooting Team by clicking here. The U.S. Archery Team has made it easy to donate simply by going to their site and clicking on the Golden Bag before you head off to do your online shopping. When you do that, a portion of your online purchases will go back to the U.S. Archery Team.

UPDATE: About an hour after I posted this, I read where the American Shooter Glen Eller took Gold in the Men’s Double Trap! Now that’s what I’m talking about, we need more Glen Ellers! Also, American Jeff Holguin finished 4th behind China’s Binyuen Hu. Looks like Jeff missed the Bronze by 2 points! Congratulations to theseAmerican Shooting Olympians!

UPDATE: 8/16/2008 – Just to bring you up to date, here are a few more Olympic Medal winners in Shooting.

Vincent Hancock won Men’s Gold Medal in Skeet (125 targets)

Matt Emmons won a Silver Medal for Men’s 50 meter Free Rilfe Prone (60 shots)

Kimberly Rhode won a Silver Medal in Women’s Skeet (75 targets)

Congratulation to all our American Shooters in the Beijing Olympics.